Practice Test

True or False: Amazon Route 53 is a distributed DNS (Domain Name System) service in the cloud.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 is Amazon Web Service’s scalable and highly available DNS service. It is designed to offer reliable routing to websites and give developers and businesses an extremely dependable method to route end users to Internet applications.

Which of the following can Amazon Route 53 be used for?

  • A. Domain Transfer
  • B. Domain Registration
  • C. Event Management
  • D. Video Streaming

Answer: A, B

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 effectively connects user requests to infrastructure running in AWS – such as Amazon EC2 instances, Elastic Load Balancing load balancers, or Amazon S3 buckets – and can be used to configure DNS health checks to route traffic to healthy endpoints or to monitor the health of your application and its endpoints.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 cannot be used to manage traffic for non-AWS resources.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Route 53 can also be used to route users to your non-AWS infrastructure. It is not solely restricted to managing AWS resources.

Which of the following features does Amazon Route 53 provides?

  • A. DNS Service
  • B. Domain Registration
  • C. DNS Health Checks
  • D. Storage Management

Answer: A, B, C

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 offers Domain registration, DNS Routing, and Health Checking of resources within your environment. It does not offer storage management.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 is designed to automatically answer DNS queries with the help of a global network of authoritative DNS servers.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 is designed to use a global network of authoritative DNS servers to automatically respond to DNS queries with the best possible minimal latency.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 can’t route traffic based on the geographical location of your users.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: With Amazon Route 53 Traffic Flow’s geolocation routing, one can route traffic based on the geographical location of the users.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 offers only Standard DNS resolution.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 provides both Standard DNS resolution and Latency-based resolution.

What does ’53’ in Amazon Route 53 stand for?

  • A. It’s named after Route 53 in United States.
  • B. It represents the DNS port number
  • C. It’s the 53rd service offered by AWS.

Answer: B

Explanation: ’53’ refers to TCP or UDP port 53, where DNS server requests are addressed.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 is available only in few selected regions.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 is a global service that is designed to work the same in all supported AWS regions.

True or False: Amazon Route 53 does not provide cost benefits for managing high query volumes.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: With Amazon Route 53, there is no minimum fee and users pay for managing domains, routing users to Internet applications, and for health checks. Route 53 offers cost benefits for managing high query volumes.

Interview Questions

What is Amazon Route 53 primarily used for?

Amazon Route 53 is primarily used for domain name system (DNS) web service. It is designed to give developers and businesses an extremely reliable and cost-effective route to distribute traffic, by translating domain names into numeric IP addresses.

What are the key features of Amazon Route 53?

Key features of Route 53 include: DNS service, domain registration service, health checking, traffic management with routing policies such as simple, failover, geolocation, geoproximity, latency, and weighted, and providing a scalable service that is secure and reliable.

What is the significance of the number 53 in Amazon Route 53?

The number 53 refers to the port 53 where DNS server requests are addressed. Hence, Amazon named its DNS service as Route 53.

Can Amazon Route 53 work with resources that are outside of AWS?

Yes, Amazon Route 53 can work with resources that are outside of AWS. You can use Route 53 to route traffic to non-AWS resources along with AWS resources.

How does Route 53 perform health checks?

Route 53 sends automated requests over the internet to your application to verify that it’s reachable, available and can respond to requests. If Route 53 receives a failure response from your application too many times consecutively, it starts to send traffic over to other resources.

Can you use Amazon Route 53 to register domain names?

Yes, Amazon Route 53 does allow for domain registration. You can transfer current domains from other registrars to Route 53 or register new domains through the service.

How can you ensure that Route 53 responds to DNS queries based on the location of your user?

To achieve this, you can use Route 53’s geolocation routing policy to route traffic based on the location of your users.

Is it possible to control the proportion of traffic that is routed to different endpoints using Route 53?

Yes, you can control the proportion of traffic that is routed to different endpoints using Route 53’s weighted round-robin feature.

What happens if an application is unavailable in the region specified in the Route 53 latency routing policy?

If an application is unavailable in the region specified in the Route 53 latency routing policy, Route 53 routes traffic to a region where the application is available.

Why is it important to use DNSSEC on Route 53?

DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) provides additional security by verifying the source and integrity of the DNS data. It helps to protect the website against certain types of DNS spoofing or cache poisoning attacks. Without DNSSEC validation, users might be directed to malicious sites.

How does the failover routing policy in Route 53 work?

The failover routing policy in Route 53 directs traffic to a healthy resource when the primary resource is unhealthy. When the primary resource becomes healthy again, Route 53 begins to route traffic back to it.

Can you track the number of DNS queries that Route 53 is receiving and responding to?

Yes, you can track the number of DNS queries that Route 53 is receiving and responding to. Amazon CloudWatch provides metrics for Route 53 that gives you details about the queries.

How does Amazon Route 53 guarantee high availability and reliability?

Route 53 is designed to automatically route your users to the optimal location depending on network conditions. It uses a global network of DNS servers at locations around the world, providing high availability and redundancy.

Can you restrict access to your domain with Amazon Route 53?

While Route 53 itself does not provide features to restrict access to your domain, you can create rules in AWS services, like Security Groups in EC2 or policies in AWS WAF, to restrict access to your domain after the DNS resolution has been done.

How quickly can changes made in Amazon Route 53 propagate?

Changes made to DNS records in Route 53 propagate to all the Amazon Route 53 authoritative DNS servers worldwide in less than a minute under normal conditions. However, the changes might not be visible to end users immediately due to DNS caching.

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