Practice Test

True or False: The AWS Trusted Advisor checks for security-related issues.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: One of the many functions of the AWS Trusted Advisor is to perform checks for potential security issues.

Which of the following AWS Services can be used to identify security issues?

  • A) AWS Trusted Advisor
  • B) AWS EC2
  • C) AWS RDS
  • D) AWS S3

Answer: A) AWS Trusted Advisor

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor assists in recognizing common security misconfigurations and improving security posture.

True or False: The AWS Trusted Advisor only provides recommendations for security-related issues.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: The AWS Trusted Advisor not only provides recommendations for security, but also cost optimization, performance improvement, and fault tolerance.

What does AWS Trusted Advisor use to provide real-time guidance to provision resources following the AWS best practices?

  • A) Machine Learning algorithms
  • B) Predictive Analytics
  • C) Blockchain Technology
  • D) AWS Best Practice Checks

Answer: D) AWS Best Practice Checks

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor employs AWS best practice checks to offer real-time guidance, which aids in resource provisioning per AWS best practices.

True or False: The AWS Trusted Advisor cannot help enable security through connectivity with managed firewalls.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor can help enhance security by providing connectivity with AWS Firewall Manager or AWS Managed NAT Gateway for managed firewall settings.

Which of the following is NOT a part of the security checks that AWS Trusted Advisor can perform?

  • A) Restrictive checks for IAM policies
  • B) Review of publicly accessible resources
  • C) Extensive database management checks
  • D) Checks for unrestricted Common Ports

Answer: C) Extensive database management checks

Explanation: While AWS Trusted Advisor can carry out checks related to IAM policies, publicly accessible resources and common ports, it doesn’t conduct extensive checks on database management.

True or False: AWS Trusted Advisor helps to optimize the cost but doesn’t track the security status of an AWS account.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor helps users to optimize AWS costs, enhance system performance and security, and reduce the overall time to resolve security and reliability issues.

In AWS Trusted Advisor, which category color indicates the critical level of checks?

  • A) Red
  • B) Green
  • C) Yellow
  • D) Blue

Answer: A) Red

Explanation: In AWS Trusted Advisor, Red color is used to indicate critical issues in the checks.

True or False: AWS Trusted Advisor provides weekly status reports.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor can send you weekly email updates that summarize the status of your AWS resources.

What does the Service Limit Checks provided by AWS Trusted Advisor identify?

  • A) Anomalies in resource usage
  • B) Overutilization of resources
  • C) Underutilization of resources
  • D) Usage nearing the maximum limit of a service

Answer: D) Usage nearing the maximum limit of a service

Explanation: Service Limit Checks are used by AWS Trusted Advisor to identify when usage is nearing the maximum limit of a service, thereby, preventing service disruption.

Interview Questions

What is AWS Trusted Advisor?

AWS Trusted Advisor is a web-based tool of AWS, designed to help AWS customers to follow the best practices of AWS, by improving the functionality of their applications in various aspects such as cost optimization, performance improvement, and more importantly identifying security vulnerabilities.

How does AWS Trusted Advisor help in identifying security issues?

AWS Trusted Advisor provides a set of checks for security best practices across services used in the AWS environment. It helps identify open ports on EC2 instances, MFA usage on IAM users, and checks S3 bucket permission, among other checks, to help improve security and reduce the risk profile.

What is the Security Group specific port unrestricted check in AWS Trusted Advisor?

This is a security check that warns if a Security Group within the AWS environment has been configured to allow unrestricted ingress access (from 0.0.0.0/0 or ::/0) to some of the most common ports, which could potentially lead to a security breach.

How frequently does AWS Trusted Advisor perform checks?

AWS Trusted Advisor perform checks on your AWS resources either on-demand or periodically depending on your AWS support plan. While Business and Enterprise support plans provide a full set of checks that run periodically, Basic and Developer support plans offer a limited set of checks which need to be manually run.

What is IAM use check in AWS Trusted Advisor?

IAM use check is a security check performed by AWS Trusted Advisor that checks for the presence of AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) entities (users, groups, and roles) within the AWS account. It ensures the principle of least privilege by advising users to restrict access only to necessary services.

Can AWS Trusted Advisor detect cost optimization issues along with security issues in the AWS architecture?

Yes, AWS Trusted Advisor is not limited to only security issues; it also provides recommendations for cost optimization, fault tolerance, and performance improvement of your AWS environment.

What is MFA on root account check in AWS Trusted Advisor?

This is a security check given by AWS Trusted Advisor to check if Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) for AWS’s account root user has been enabled. Enabling MFA adds an extra layer of security to your AWS account.

Does AWS Trusted Advisor provide suggestions to correct the identified security vulnerabilities?

Yes, AWS Trusted Advisor not only identifies security issues but also provides guidance and recommendations to mitigate the identified issues effectively.

In context of AWS Trusted Advisor, what is a ‘check’?

In AWS Trusted Advisor, a ‘check’ refers to an automated scan that AWS performs against an AWS resource following the best practices. It checks for potential issues related to cost, security, performance, and fault-tolerance.

How can you receive AWS Trusted Advisor notifications?

AWS Trusted Advisor can deliver notifications via email or via AWS CloudWatch Events. These notifications can include changes in check status, check category, and other check details. This helps AWS customers to maintain real-time tracking of their AWS security and environment status.

Is AWS Trusted Advisor a free service?

A limited number of AWS Trusted Advisor checks are available free of charge. However, to run a full set of checks and get the complete functionality, it requires a Business or Enterprise level AWS Support plan.

What is the ‘Amazon S3 Bucket Permissions’ check in AWS Trusted Advisor?

The ‘Amazon S3 Bucket Permissions’ check verifies if the bucket has public read or write permissions, and provides a list of such buckets. This helps in maintaining the security of data stored in S3 buckets.

What does the Amazon RDS Security Group access risk check entail in AWS Trusted Advisor?

RDS Security Group access risk is a security check that identifies any unrestricted access permissions in the security groups associated with Amazon RDS DB instances. It warns if a database is exposed to unrestricted access, enabling the user to tighten security measures.

What is an unhealthy check in AWS Trusted Advisor?

An unhealthy check in AWS Trusted Advisor means that the check has potential issues that can affect AWS resources. It is represented by a red ‘x’ symbol which indicates that the user should take immediate action to optimize their AWS services.

How does AWS Trusted Advisor help improve performance?

AWS Trusted Advisor enhances performance by scanning the AWS environment and identifying those services or instances that are underutilized or wrongly configured. It provides recommendations to scale up or down resources for optimal utilization.

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