Practice Test

True or False: Metadata is data about the data itself and is vital for understanding and using big data.

  • Answer: True

Explanation: Metadata describes and gives information about other data. It provides context for the data and is essential for proper management and interpretation of data.

Which of the following is NOT a part of metadata?

  • A) Data Name
  • B) Data Type
  • C) Data Size
  • D) Server Details

Answer: D) Server Details

Explanation: Metadata includes Data Name, Data Type, and Data Size which provides information about data. Server details are not typically considered part of metadata.

What is a data catalog?

  • A) A collection of databases
  • B) A repository containing the schema of all databases
  • C) A data management tool that allows organizations to find and manage large amounts of data
  • D) A tool for creating diagrams of database structures

Answer: C) A data management tool that allows organizations to find and manage large amounts of data

Explanation: A data catalog is a data management tool that helps organizations in managing large amounts of data. It provides a searchable database for users to understand the data collected by a company.

True or False: The data catalog is a form of metadata.

  • Answer: True

Explanation: A data catalog is a form of metadata as it contains descriptive information (metadata) about a company’s data assets.

Which of the following is not a component of a data catalog?

  • A) Metadata Repository
  • B) User Interface
  • C) Analytics
  • D) E-commerce module

Answer: D) E-commerce module

Explanation: E-commerce module is not a component of a data catalog. A data catalog generally includes a metadata repository, user interface, and sometimes analytics.

In AWS, the AWS Glue Data Catalog is a fully managed service that serves as a centralized metadata repository. True or False?

  • Answer: True

Explanation: The AWS Glue Data Catalog is indeed a fully managed service that acts as a centralized metadata repository, making it an essential tool for data discovery and querying in AWS.

Which of the following is NOT a benefit of using a data catalog?

  • A) Enhanced data discoverability
  • B) Better data governance
  • C) Lower storage costs
  • D) Improved team collaboration

Answer: C) Lower storage costs

Explanation: While a data catalog improves data discoverability, governance, and collaboration, it does not directly result in lower storage costs.

AWS Glue Catalog can be used with which of the following services?

  • A) Amazon Athena
  • B) Amazon Redshift Spectrum
  • C) Amazon EMR
  • D) All of the Above

Answer: D) All of the Above

Explanation: AWS Glue Catalog metadata can be used by Amazon Athena, Amazon Redshift Spectrum, and Amazon EMR for queries.

Metadata can include which of the following information?

  • A) Date created
  • B) Owner or author
  • C) Version number
  • D) All of the above

Answer: D) All of the above

Explanation: Metadata can contain a variety of information about the data, including when the data was created, who owns or authored the data, and version information.

Data catalogs often include business glossaries. True or False?

  • Answer: True

Explanation: Many data catalogs do include business glossaries to help users understand the data’s context and meaning within their organization. This is part of making data more accessible and usable for everyone in the organization.

AWS Glue Catalog is a paid service in AWS. True or False?

  • Answer: False

Explanation: AWS Glue Catalog is offered at no additional charge. You pay only for the storage space consumed in the AWS Glue Data Catalog.

Metadata helps to maintain data integrity. True or False?

  • Answer: True

Explanation: Metadata is essential to maintain data integrity as it provides the necessary context about the data, its source, and how it should be used.

In AWS Glue Catalog, you can store metadata related to machine learning transformations. True or False?

  • Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue Data Catalog also supports storing and retrieving machine-learning transformations, allowing data engineers and data scientists to work together more seamlessly.

A data catalog can only be used by data engineers and scientists. True or False?

  • Answer: False

Explanation: A data catalog can be utilized by anyone in the organization with access, including data analysts, business users, data engineers, and data scientists.

S3 bucket is a part of metadata in AWS. True or False?

  • Answer: False

Explanation: An S3 bucket is not part of metadata. It is a public cloud storage resource in Amazon Web Services (AWS) and does not provide information about other data.

Interview Questions

What is Metadata in AWS?

Metadata in AWS is data about data. It provides the descriptive information about a particular datum, such as its quality, origin, content, condition, and other characteristics.

What are the components of AWS Glue Data Catalog?

The AWS Glue Data Catalog contains the metadata tables, where each table defines the schema for a dataset. Moreover, it also includes other metadata details, such as databases and the crawlers that discovered the data.

What is the role of AWS Glue Crawlers in metadata handling?

AWS Glue Crawlers connect to your source or target data store, progresses through a prioritized list of classifiers to determine the schema for your data, and then creates metadata tables in the AWS Glue Data Catalog.

What are AWS Lake Formation permissions?

AWS Lake Formation permissions provide granular access control to your metadata and data. You can control who can access specific tables and columns in those tables.

How do you implement AWS Glue security in terms of catalog resource sharing?

AWS Glue security for catalog resource sharing involves implementing a resource policy that enables cross-account metadata access, thus promoting secure metadata sharing across different AWS accounts.

What is AWS Glue Data Catalog synchronization?

AWS Glue Data Catalog synchronization is a way to ensure that changes made to the metadata in the Data Catalog are automatically synchronized with all other AWS services that use the Data Catalog.

Can you use AWS Glue Data Catalog as Apache Hive Metastore?

Yes, AWS Glue Data Catalog can be used as a drop-in replacement for the Apache Hive Metastore, which allows applications based on Apache Hive, Presto, and Apache Spark to transparently utilize the catalog.

Which AWS service provides centralized operational metadata across AWS accounts?

AWS Lake Formation provides centralized operational metadata management across AWS accounts.

What is a table in AWS Glue Data Catalog?

A table in AWS Glue Data Catalog is metadata that defines the schema (column names, data types) on your data, and other information related to your data.

What are AWS Glue Partitions?

AWS Glue Partitions define how your data is physically divided across different sources, and are utilized to enhance the efficiency of query and retrieval operations.

What is AWS Glue Connection?

AWS Glue Connection defines information about how to connect to a particular data source.

What is AWS S3 metadata?

AWS S3 metadata is a set of information that describes the content, condition, and other characteristics of each object in AWS S3 bucket.

What are the roles of resource-based policies in AWS Lake Formation?

Resource-based policies in AWS Lake Formation dictate what actions a principal can or cannot perform on the AWS resources.

What is a Database in AWS Glue Data Catalog?

A Database in AWS Glue Data Catalog is a set of associated AWS Glue metadata tables that define your data.

What is AWS Glue Schema Versioning?

AWS Glue Schema Versioning allows you to track and manage changes to your schemas over the course of time. It maintains a version history of a schema, thus facilitating the tracking of modifications.

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