Practice Test

True or False: Client-side encryption involves data being encrypted on the client side before being sent over the network.

Answer:

True

Explanation:

In client-side encryption, the data is encrypted on the user’s device or the “client side” before it is moved.

In the context of AWS, which service allows client-side encryption?

  • A. Amazon S3
  • B. Amazon DynamoDB
  • C. AWS Key Management Service (KMS)

Answer:

A, B, C

Explanation:

Amazon S3, DynamoDB and AWS KMS all support client-side encryption. The user can encrypt data locally on their own systems before uploading them to these services.

True or False: Server-side encryption has a less complex architecture compared to client-side encryption.

Answer:

True

Explanation:

In server-side encryption, the server is responsible for encryption and decryption, reducing the complexity of the client’s architecture.

Which of these is a disadvantage of client-side encryption?

  • A. Reduced computational load on the client
  • B. Increased complexity on the client-side
  • C. Higher security

Answer:

B. Increased complexity on the client-side

Explanation:

While client-side encryption increases security, it also adds complexity to the client-side operations, including key management.

Which of the following entities have control over the decryption keys in server-side encryption?

  • A. Server
  • B. Client
  • C. Third-party

Answer:

A. Server

Explanation:

In server-side encryption, the server, or the service provider, controls the decryption keys.

In client-side encryption, who has control of the encryption keys?

  • A. Server
  • B. Client
  • C. Both

Answer:

B. Client

Explanation:

In client-side encryption, data is encrypted before it leaves the client device, and the encryption keys are only known to the client.

AWS S3 provides __________ by default.

  • A. Client-side encryption
  • B. Server-side encryption
  • C. No encryption

Answer:

B. Server-side encryption

Explanation:

AWS S3 provides server-side encryption by default to protect data at rest within its storage environment.

True or False: Client-side encryption can prevent sensitive data from reaching the server in an unencrypted state.

Answer:

True

Explanation:

Since client-side encryption encrypts data before it leaves the device it can prevent sensitive data from reaching the server in an unencrypted state.

Which encryption process involves encrypting data at transit?

  • A. Client-side encryption
  • B. Server-side encryption
  • C. Both

Answer:

A. Client-side encryption

Explanation:

Client-side encryption involves encryption of data in transit, as encryption takes place before the data is transmitted over the network.

True or False: Server-side encryption is less secure than client-side encryption.

Answer:

False

Explanation:

Both types of encryption are secure but in different ways. Client-side encryption offers more protection against server-side breaches, while server-side encryption reduces complexity and security concerns on the client side.

Which of the following AWS service does not support server-side encryption?

  • A. Amazon EC2
  • B. Amazon S3
  • C. Amazon Redshift

Answer:

A. Amazon EC2

Explanation:

Amazon EC2 does not inherently support server-side encryption. For instance, to encrypt EBS volumes attached to EC2 instances, encryption must be defined at the time of creation. Amazon S3 and Redshift, however, both support server-side encryption.

True or False: Client-side encryption increases the computational load on the client

Answer:

True

Explanation:

Because the client is responsible for encryption activities, there is an increase in the computational load on the client side.

Which type of encryption allows AWS to perform operations on the data like sorting and comparisons?

  • A. Client-side encryption
  • B. Server-side encryption
  • C. Neither

Answer:

B. Server-side encryption

Explanation:

Server-side encryption allows AWS to decrypt the data to perform certain operations. This is not possible with client-side encryption as AWS does not hold the decryption keys.

True or False: AWS manages the encryption keys in client-side encryption.

Answer:

False

Explanation:

In client-side encryption, the client manages the encryption keys, not AWS.

True or False: Both client-side and server-side encryption protect data at rest.

Answer:

True

Explanation:

Both client-side and server-side encryption provide protection for data at rest, but they do this in different ways and at different stages in the data’s lifecycle.

Interview Questions

What is client-side encryption in AWS?

Client-side encryption is the act of encrypting data before it’s sent to AWS service. The client holds the encryption keys so AWS service doesn’t have access to them.

How does server-side encryption work in AWS?

Server-side encryption is where the data is encrypted after it’s transferred to the AWS service and is stored on the server while encrypted. AWS handles the encryption process, the decryption process, and the management of keys.

Is the data encrypted during transmission in client-side encryption?

Yes, during transmission, your data is also encrypted with AWS client-side encryption.

Who manages the encryption keys in server-side encryption?

In server-side encryption, AWS manages the encryption keys. AWS also handles the decryption when the data is read back.

Where is the encryption process handled in client-side encryption?

With client-side encryption, the encryption process happens on the client side before the data is transferred to AWS.

Who has more control over the encryption keys in AWS, client-side encryption or server-side encryption?

With client-side encryption, the client has more control over the encryption keys compared to server-side encryption, where AWS manages the keys.

Where does the decryption happen in server-side encryption in AWS?

In server-side encryption, decryption happens on the server side after the data is retrieved from storage.

When is it more ideal to use client-side encryption?

Client-side encryption should be used when you want more control over the encryption process, such as managing your own encryption keys and performing the encryption or decryption on your own premises.

When should server-side encryption be used?

Server-side encryption is ideal when you want to ensure that any data stored in AWS is encrypted at rest. Since AWS handles the entire process, it means less operational burden for you.

Is the data stored in encrypted form in both client-side and server-side encryption?

Yes, in both client-side and server-side encryption, data is stored in an encrypted form.

Does AWS have access to the encryption keys in client-side encryption?

No, in client-side encryption, AWS does not have access to the encryption keys.

Are AWS services, such as AWS S3, applicable to both client-side and server-side encryption?

Yes, AWS services like AWS S3 can be used with both client-side and server-side encryption.

What are some AWS services that provide server-side encryption?

Amazon S3, Amazon Glacier, Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon RDS, and EBS volumes are some AWS services that provide server-side encryption.

Can you change the choice of encryption from server-side to client-side or vice versa for data already stored in AWS?

No, altering the choice of encryption for already stored data would typically require that the data be retrieved, decrypted, re-encrypted using the new method and then re-stored.

Which one has a higher performance impact, server-side or client-side encryption?

Generally, client-side encryption has a higher performance impact because encryption operations occur on the client side. However, it may vary depending on the exact circumstances.

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