Practice Test

True or False: Microservices is an architectural pattern where the application is built as a single unit.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: In a microservices architectural pattern, an application is designed as a collection of loosely coupled services.

What is Choreography in Architectural Patterns context?

  • a) A single service controlling the interaction of services
  • b) An architectural pattern focused on producing responsive, resilient and elastic services
  • c) Multiple services working together, each service knowing what to do next
  • d) Load balancing technique

Answer: c) Multiple services working together, each service knowing what to do next

Explanation: Choreography is a decentralized approach where each service in an application knows what to do next, mostly used in microservices architecture.

True or False: In AWS, the Serverless Application Model (SAM) helps developers manage and deploy serverless applications with a Monolithic architecture.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: SAM helps manage and deploy applications with a serverless architecture, not monolithic.

In AWS, what architectural pattern is applied when you use a Lambda function to update multiple DynamoDB tables simultaneously?

  • a) Choreography
  • b) Orchestration
  • c) Fanout
  • d) Monolithic

Answer: c) Fanout

Explanation: This is an example of a fanout pattern where a single message is delivered to multiple endpoints (DynamoDB tables) simultaneously.

What is the main characteristic of an event-driven architectural pattern?

  • a) Services are tightly coupled
  • b) Uses a central server to coordinate services
  • c) The flow of the program is determined by events such as user actions, sensor outputs, or messages from other programs
  • d) Each service knows what to do next

Answer: c) The flow of the program is determined by events such as user actions, sensor outputs, or messages from other programs

Explanation: An event-driven system primarily responds to user actions, sensor outputs, or messages from other programs and decides the flow of the application accordingly.

True or False: In a monolithic architectural pattern, if one service fails, the entire application fails.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Monolithic architectures are built as one cohesive unit. As a result, if one component fails, it can affect the entire system.

Which architectural pattern centralizes service coordination/command and control on a single service?

  • a) Choreography
  • b) Orchestration
  • c) Fanout
  • d) Monolithic

Answer: b) Orchestration

Explanation: In an orchestration pattern, one central service controls the interaction of services and makes decisions on request handling and services coordination.

What is the main characteristic of a microservices architectural pattern?

  • a) Applications are single units
  • b) Applications are broken down into multiple component services
  • c) One central service controls all other services
  • d) All services know what to do next

Answer: b) Applications are broken down into multiple component services

Explanation: In a microservices architecture, the application is broken down into loosely coupled, independently deployable components.

True or False: Fanout is an architectural pattern where a message is sent to multiple recipients at a time.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Fanout is a design pattern where a message is broadcasted to multiple recipients simultaneously.

In AWS, SNS Topic Subscriptions and SQS Queues can be used to implement which architectural pattern?

  • a) Fanout
  • b) Event-Driven
  • c) Monolithic
  • d) Choreography

Answer: a) Fanout

Explanation: AWS SNS Topic Subscriptions and SQS Queues provide options for fanout patterns, where a message is delivered to multiple endpoints.

True or False: Choreography means central control over the flow of activities.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Choreography means decentralized control where each service knows what to do next and it doesn’t depend on central control over the flow of activities.

What architecture pattern runs all its processes within a single instance?

  • a) Event-Driven
  • b) Monolithic
  • c) Microservices
  • d) Choreography

Answer: b) Monolithic

Explanation: The monolithic architectural pattern operates as a single unit where all processes run within a singularly deployed instance.

True or False: Orchestration involves organizing the flow of activities in a centralized way, controlling the sequence and conditions of the flow.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Orchestration means having one central unit manage how all the different services interact with one another.

What is the best suitable scenario for using a Microservices architecture pattern?

  • a) Update multiple DynamoDB tables simultaneously
  • b) Implement a serverless application
  • c) Applications which are small and unlikely to be very complex
  • d) Scaling specific functions of an application independently

Answer: d) Scaling specific functions of an application independently

Explanation: Microservices architectural pattern allows specific services to scale independently based on their individual requirements.

What architectural pattern emphasizes the direct relationship between events and the tasks generated in response to those events?

  • a) Orchestration
  • b) Event-Driven
  • c) Choreography
  • d) Monolithic

Answer: b) Event-Driven

Explanation: The Event-Driven architectural pattern mainly deals with actions in response to captured events, providing real-time updates and responding to changes instantly.

Interview Questions

1. What is an architectural pattern?

An architectural pattern is a general, reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem in software architecture within a given context.

2. What is an event-driven architecture?

Event-driven architecture is a design pattern that allows components to communicate by generating and processing events, enabling loose coupling between different parts of a system.

3. What is a microservices architecture?

A microservices architecture is an architectural style that structures an application as a collection of small, independently deployable services, each running in its own process and communicating with lightweight mechanisms.

4. What is a monolithic architecture?

A monolithic architecture is a traditional software architecture style where an entire application is built as a single, self-contained unit, typically deployed as a single artifact.

5. What is choreography in architecture?

Choreography in architecture refers to a decentralized approach to communication between components, where each component is responsible for knowing how to interact with other components without a central controller.

6. What is orchestration in architecture?

Orchestration in architecture refers to a centralized approach to coordination and communication between components, where a central orchestrator controls the flow of interactions between components.

7. What is fanout in architecture?

Fanout in architecture refers to a pattern where a single event or message is broadcasted to multiple consumers for parallel processing or handling.

8. How does event-driven architecture contribute to scalability?

Event-driven architecture allows for asynchronous communication between components, which enables better scalability by decoupling components and allowing them to scale independently.

9. What are the key benefits of a microservices architecture?

Key benefits of a microservices architecture include improved flexibility, scalability, maintainability, and resilience due to the loosely coupled nature of the individual services.

10. What are some challenges associated with a monolithic architecture?

Challenges of a monolithic architecture include difficulties in scaling, maintaining, and deploying the entire application as a single unit, as well as potential dependencies between components leading to decreased agility.

11. When would you choose orchestration over choreography in an architectural design?

Orchestration is typically chosen when there is a need for centralized control and coordination between components, whereas choreography is preferred for more decentralized and loosely coupled interactions.

12. How can fanout be used to improve performance in a distributed system?

Fanout can be used to distribute workload across multiple consumers, allowing for parallel processing of events or messages and improving overall performance and scalability of the system.

13. What role does AWS Lambda play in event-driven architectures?

AWS Lambda is a serverless computing service provided by AWS that allows developers to run code in response to events without provisioning or managing servers, making it a key component in event-driven architectures.

14. How does containerization like Docker fit into a microservices architecture?

Containerization tools like Docker help to encapsulate microservices into lightweight, portable containers, enabling easier deployment, scaling, and management of individual services in a microservices architecture.

15. What are some best practices for designing resilient microservices architectures on AWS?

Best practices for designing resilient microservices architectures on AWS include using redundancy, auto-scaling, fault isolation, and monitoring to ensure high availability and fault tolerance in the system.

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