Practice Test

True or False: AWS Glue is a fully managed extract, transform, and load (ETL) service that makes it easy for users to prepare and load their data for analytics.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue is an ETL service that is fully managed by Amazon. It allows users to extract, transform, and load their data for analytics easily.

Which of the following are core components of AWS Glue? (Multiple select)

  • A) AWS Glue Data Catalog
  • B) AWS Glue ETL Engine
  • C) AWS Glue Studio
  • D) AWS Lambda

Answer: A, B, C

Explanation: AWS Glue consists of the AWS Glue Data Catalog, ETL engine, and AWS Glue Studio. AWS Lambda is not a part of AWS Glue, but a separate compute service.

True or False: AWS Glue has built-in support for Scala and Python.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue has out-of-the-box support for Scala and Python, allowing you to develop ETL scripts in these programming languages.

What is the primary purpose of AWS Glue?

  • A) To perform real-time analytics
  • B) To run serverless applications
  • C) To extract, transform, and load data
  • D) None of the above

Answer: C

Explanation: The main use case of AWS Glue is to perform ETL operations, that is, to extract, transform and load data.

True or False: You can use AWS Glue to generate ETL code in any programming language you want.

  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Although AWS Glue is very flexible, it currently only supports Python and Scala for ETL code.

Multiple select: Which of these can be done using AWS Glue?

  • A) Discovering and cataloging metadata
  • B) Generating ETL code
  • C) Running ETL jobs
  • D) All of the above

Answer: D

Explanation: AWS Glue can be used to discover and catalog metadata, generate ETL code, and run ETL jobs.

True or False: AWS Glue Data Catalog is a managed service that lets you store, annotate, and share metadata in AWS Cloud.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue Data Catalog is a fully managed, centralized metadata repository. It lets you store, annotate, and share metadata across your organization.

What type of data sources can AWS Glue connect?

  • A) AWS data sources only
  • B) Open-source data sources only
  • C) Proprietary data sources only
  • D) Both AWS and on-premises data sources

Answer: D

Explanation: AWS Glue can connect to both AWS data sources and on-premises data sources, making it versatile for different data workloads.

Single select: Which of the following tasks is not performed by AWS Glue?

  • A) Data cataloging
  • B) Data cleanup
  • C) Data visualization
  • D) Data transformation

Answer: C

Explanation: AWS Glue is used for data cataloging, cleanup, and transformation, but it does not have built-in data visualization capabilities. Data visualization is often performed by other tools like Amazon Quicksight.

True or False: AWS Glue is compatible with data stored in Amazon RDS, Amazon S3, and Amazon Redshift.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue can integrate flawlessly with various AWS services like Amazon RDS, S3, and Redshift to manage data stored in them.

Which of the following AWS services can be used with AWS Glue for visualizing transformed data?

  • A) AWS Athena
  • B) Amazon Quicksight
  • C) Amazon EMR
  • D) All of the above

Answer: D

Explanation: Athena, Quicksight, and EMR can use Glue Data Catalog as a metadata repository and can be used to visualize the data transformed by AWS Glue.

True or False: AWS Glue can handle both semi-structured and structured data.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue can handle both formats. It can process data that is stored in both structured formats (like CSV or JSON) and semi-structured formats (like logs).

True or False: An AWS Glue crawler can automatically generate a schema for your data.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue crawlers can connect to your source or target data store, progress through a prioritized list of classifiers to determine the schema for your data, and then create metadata tables in the AWS Glue Data Catalog.

True or False: AWS Glue Data Catalog is an Apache Hive Metastore compatible.

  • True

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Glue Data Catalog is compatible with Apache Hive Metastore making it easier to use with various big data tools.

Which of the following are common use cases for AWS Glue? (Multiple select)

  • A) Building a data warehouse
  • B) Performing ETL tasks
  • C) Managing IoT devices
  • D) Data cataloging

Answer: A, B, D

Explanation: AWS Glue is commonly used to build a data warehouse, perform ETL tasks, and catalog data. However, managing IoT devices is typically done with other solutions like AWS IoT.

Interview Questions

What is AWS Glue?

AWS Glue is a fully managed extract, transform, and load (ETL) service that makes it easy for users to prepare and load their data for analytics.

How does AWS Glue efficiency reduce the time it takes to start analyzing data?

AWS Glue automatically generates the code to extract, transform and load your data, discovering and cataloging metadata, and scheduling and running transformations, reducing manual effort.

What use cases can AWS Glue serve?

AWS Glue can be used for various use cases such as data warehousing, data lake analytics, and machine learning operations, making it easier to organize, clean, and enrich your data.

What type of repositories does AWS Glue support?

AWS Glue supports both semi-structured and structured data repositories, including but not limited to Redshift, RDS, S3, and dynamoDB.

What integration capabilities does AWS Glue offer?

AWS Glue integrates well with popular data science notebooks like Jupyter, BI tools like QuickSight, and other AWS services, allowing you to create end-to-end data analytics workflows.

How does AWS Glue handle data stored in various data stores?

AWS Glue can connect to data stores on AWS and outside of AWS using JDBC, allowing you to move data between different data stores.

How can one transform data using AWS Glue?

AWS Glue provides both code-based and visual interfaces to transform your data. It automatically generates Python or Scala code for your transformations, which you can further customize if necessary.

How does AWS Glue manage the metadata associated with your data?

AWS Glue manages your metadata in the AWS Glue Data Catalog, an Apache Hive compatible metadata repository. It automatically registers your metadata and versions it, enabling comprehensive metadata management.

How does AWS Glue ensure secure data handling?

AWS Glue ensures secure data handling by providing encryption for stored and transferred data, granular IAM roles and policies for permissions control and VPC support for secure networking.

In the context of AWS Glue, what is a crawler?

A crawler in AWS Glue is a program that connects to a data store, extracts metadata and creates table definitions in the AWS Glue Data Catalog.

What is the role of a Job in AWS Glue?

A Job in AWS Glue is used to execute the ETL work by taking data from sources, transforming it according to business rules, and loading it into a target data store.

What is a Glue ETL job bookmark?

A Glue ETL job bookmark is a feature that tracks data that has been previously processed during an earlier run of an ETL job, thus enabling job restarts from where they left off, which prevents the reprocessing of old data.

Can you run multiple AWS Glue jobs at the same time?

Yes, AWS Glue allows you to run multiple jobs at the same time, enabling parallel processing and reducing data processing time.

How are the costs associated with AWS Glue calculated?

The cost of AWS Glue is based on the compute time required to run your ETL jobs and the storage of metadata in the AWS Glue Data Catalog.

Can AWS Glue be used for real-time ETL use cases?

While AWS Glue primarily supports batch ETL jobs, for real-time ETL use cases AWS suggests using other services like AWS Lambda or Amazon Kinesis.

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