Practice Test

True or False: Database capacity planning does not require analyzing existing capacity and forecasting future capacity needs.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: An accurate capacity planning requires understanding the current capacity and anticipating future capacity needs, based on factors like user growth, application requirements and data growth trends.

Which of the following is not considered a “capacity unit” for AWS storage?

  • A) IOPS
  • B) GBs
  • C) Reading Speed

Answer: C) Reading Speed

Explanation: Reading speed is related to overall performance measurement, not directly to capacity units. IOPS and GBs are correctly considered capacity units of AWS storage.

True or False: The first step in AWS database capacity planning is to select the best database for your needs.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Choosing the appropriate database for specific needs is vital in capacity planning. The choice can significantly impact the capacity units needed.

In the capacity planning process, what does forecasting future capacity help prevent?

  • A) Excess capacity, which saves money.
  • B) Under-provisioning, which prevents service outages.

Answer: B) Under-provisioning, which prevents service outages.

Explanation: While excess capacity can lead to cost inefficiency, the primary purpose of forecasting future capacity is to prevent under-provisioning, which can lead to service disruptions or slowdowns due to insufficient resources.

Which AWS tool helps in capacity planning by analyzing usage patterns and recommending suitable databases?

  • A) AWS Cost Explorer
  • B) AWS Trust Advisor
  • C) AWS Database Migration Service

Answer: B) AWS Trust Advisor

Explanation: AWS Trusted Advisor can analyze the AWS environment and provides recommendations for saving money, improving system performance, or closing security gaps.

True or False: When considering capacity units, one should consider storage only and not performance.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Database capacity units must take into consideration both storage and performance. Depending on the use case, different levels of disk IOPS, CPU, & RAM may be required.

What is the importance of monitoring and reviewing in the AWS database capacity planning process?

  • A) To ensure the projected capacity is not underestimated
  • B) To ensure the projected capacity is not overestimated
  • C) Both A and B

Answer: C) Both A and B

Explanation: By monitoring and reviewing, you can make sure that the forecasted capacity matches the actual needs, avoiding both underestimation and overestimation.

Which of the following AWS tools is used for monitoring and alerting?

  • A) Amazon CloudWatch
  • B) Amazon S3
  • C) Amazon EC2

Answer: A) Amazon CloudWatch

Explanation: Amazon CloudWatch is a monitoring and observability service built for DevOps engineers and developers, providing you with data and actionable insights to monitor your applications effectively.

True or False: Disk IOPS is a performance measure, and cannot be considered as a capacity unit.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Disk IOPS is indeed a performance measure but it is also considered a capacity unit as it is important in determining how many Input/Output Operations your system can handle, which is a part of capacity planning.

Which AWS service is designed to help users forecast their future costs based on their cost history?

  • A) AWS Budgets
  • B) AWS Cost Explorer
  • C) AWS Cost Management

Answer: B) AWS Cost Explorer

Explanation: AWS Cost Explorer has an easy-to-use interface that lets you visualize, understand, and manage your AWS costs and usage over time. It includes a default report that helps you track your costs, and also allows you to forecast your future costs.

True or False: In AWS database capacity planning, factors like growth trends, user load, and application requirements shouldn’t be taken into consideration.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: These are important factors that contribute to effective and accurate capacity planning. Ignoring them can lead to under or over-provisioning of resources.

True or False: You should regularly adjust your database capacity plan as your business needs change.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: Business needs and growth trends can change over time, so it’s important to review and adjust the database capacity plan regularly to better align with business objectives.

Is scale-out a valid strategy for database capacity planning in AWS?

  • A) Yes, by adding new databases straightforwardly
  • B) Yes, but only for read workload and using read replicas
  • C) No, it’s not a valid strategy

Answer: B) Yes, but only for read workload and using read replicas.

Explanation: In AWS, scale-out is a valid strategy for read heavy workloads where you can distribute the reads across multiple read replicas. For write operations, the strategy is more complex and usually requires sharding or partitioning data across several DBs.

Which of the following is not a proper AWS service for database storage?

  • A) Amazon S3
  • B) Amazon Neptune
  • C) Amazon Route 53

Answer: C) Amazon Route

Explanation: Amazon Route 53 provides highly available and scalable Domain Name System (DNS), domain name registration, and health-checking of resources within your environment but it is not a database storage service.

True or False: AWS provides database capacity planning by analyzing current capacity, database features & types, and providing cost-effective recommendations.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: AWS makes it easier to perform database capacity planning, with a variety of services and tools to help with analyzing current capacity, forecasting future needs, selecting database types, and making recommendations.

Interview Questions

What is database capacity planning in AWS context?

Database capacity planning in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) context refers to the process of determining the storage, computing, and memory resources necessary for a database to perform its functions effectively. It involves assessing a database’s current and future needs and ensuring that the database has the resources it needs to meet these needs.

What is AWS RDS Capacity Unit?

AWS RDS capacity unit, also known as an Aurora Capacity Unit (ACU), is a combination of processing power and memory used to measure the compute power of an Amazon Aurora DB cluster.

How does AWS aid in capacity planning in databases?

AWS provides a range of services, such as AWS Trusted Advisor and Amazon CloudWatch, that monitor your usage, predict future capacity needs, analyze performance, and provide recommendations to optimize costs and improve performance.

What happens when you exceed the capacity units of your AWS database?

If you exceed your AWS database’s capacity units, the database’s performance may become degraded or slowed. AWS provides automatic scaling for your resources to meet the demand.

What factors are essential to consider in database capacity planning in AWS?

Factors essential for database capacity planning in AWS include the database’s current usage levels, expected future usage levels, peak usage times, redundancy requirements, and the necessary performance levels.

How does Amazon Aurora Provisioned capacity model works?

The Amazon Aurora Provisioned capacity model allows you to provision and scale the compute and memory resources for your database instance. You can specify the amount of ACU for your Aurora DB instance, and Amazon RDS reserves the corresponding resources for your use.

What is a Capacity Pool?

A Capacity Pool is a logical grouping of storage capacity units (SCU) for cloud volumes. It represents the total provisioned capacity available for a user or group.

What is the role of Amazon CloudWatch in database capacity planning?

Amazon CloudWatch provides monitoring for AWS resources and applications. It collects and tracks metrics, collects and monitors log files, and responds to system-wide performance changes, assisting in database capacity planning by providing data on usage and performance.

What is a Read Capacity Unit (RCU) in AWS DynamoDB?

A Read Capacity Unit (RCU) in AWS DynamoDB represents one consistent read per second for an item up to 4KB in size.

What is a Write Capacity Unit (WCU) in AWS DynamoDB?

A Write Capacity Unit (WCU) in AWS DynamoDB represents one write per second for an item up to 1KB in size.

How can you calculate the capacity units required for a database?

To calculate the capacity units required for a database, you need to estimate the number of reads and writes per second. Then, multiply the item size by the number of reads and writes per second. If the item size exceeds the capacity unit size (4KB for RCU and 1KB for WCU in DynamoDB), you’ll need additional capacity units.

What is the impact of under-provisioning capacity units in AWS databases?

Under-provisioning capacity units in AWS databases can lead to throttling, where the system limits the number of concurrent requests, causing increased latencies and timeouts in the application.

What is the benefit of over-provisioning capacity units in AWS databases?

Over-provisioning can help handle unexpected increase in traffic or load, ensuring the database performs optimally without any request throttling. However, it can lead to unnecessary costs if not managed properly.

What tool does AWS provide for real-time database performance monitoring?

Amazon RDS Performance Insights is a tool provided by AWS for real-time database performance monitoring.

What is AWS Auto Scaling and how does it help in database capacity management?

AWS Auto Scaling monitors your applications and adjusts capacity to maintain predictable performance at the lowest possible cost. It helps in database capacity management by automating the scaling process and adjusting resources based on the demand, thereby ensuring optimal performance and minimizing costs.

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