Practice Test

True or False: AWS provides data classification services that can be tailored according to your business needs.

  • Answer: True

Explanation: AWS provides data classification services like AWS Macie that can help in discovering, monitoring, and protect sensitive data according to your business needs.

Which of the following AWS services can be used to enforce a data classification scheme?

  • A. AWS IAM
  • B. AWS Glue
  • C. AWS Macie
  • D. AWS EC2

Answer: C. AWS Macie

Explanation: AWS Macie is a security service that uses machine learning to automatically discover, classify, and protect sensitive data.

True or False: Proper data classification is not important for a comprehensive data security strategy.

  • Answer: False

Explanation: Proper data classification is critical as it helps in identifying sensitive data and applying appropriate security controls based on the classification.

The process of organizing data by relevant categories for efficient use and protection is known as:

  • A. Data replication
  • B. Data archiving
  • C. Data classification
  • D. Data encryption

Answer: C. Data classification

Explanation: Data classification is the process of organizing data into categories for its most effective and efficient use and protection.

Amazon Macie supports data classification for which of the following storage systems:

  • A. Amazon S3
  • B. Amazon EBS
  • C. Amazon RDS
  • D. Amazon RedShift

Answer: A. Amazon S3

Explanation: Amazon Macie currently provides support for data classification specifically for Amazon S3 storage service.

True or False: Enforcing data classification scheme helps to prevent unnecessary access to sensitive data.

  • Answer: True

Explanation: Implementing a data classification scheme not only organizes data but also assists in managing access control, thereby preventing unnecessary access to sensitive data.

Which of the following is not a benefit of implementing a data classification scheme in AWS?

  • A. Increased cost
  • B. Enhanced security
  • C. Improved compliance reporting
  • D. Efficient data management

Answer: A. Increased cost

Explanation: While implementing a data classification scheme may require an initial investment, it eventually aids in efficient data management, enhances security, and improves compliance reporting, thereby potentially reducing costs.

Amazon Macie classifies your data into which two main types?

  • A. Regular and Irregular
  • B. Sensitive and Non-sensitive
  • C. Classified and Unclassified
  • D. Important and Trivial

Answer: B. Sensitive and Non-sensitive

Explanation: Amazon Macie classifies data into two main types: Sensitive and Non-sensitive. It further breaks down into various detailed classifications depending on the sensitivity and type of the data.

True of False: Only AWS Macie is responsible for the enforcement of data classification scheme in AWS.

  • Answer: False

Explanation: AWS Macie is a service for data classification, but enforcement also depends on other factors like proper IAM policies, bucket policies, compliance with data laws and so on.

What AWS service would you use to monitor who is accessing your classified data?

  • A. AWS GuardDuty
  • B. AWS CloudWatch
  • C. AWS CloudTrail
  • D. AWS Inspector

Answer: C. AWS CloudTrail

Explanation: AWS CloudTrail is a service that enables governance, compliance, operational auditing, and risk auditing of your AWS account. It can track who is accessing your data and what action they are performing.

True or False: Data once classified in AWS cannot be re-classified.

  • Answer: False

Explanation: Data in AWS can be re-classified as needed, depending on the nature of the data or organisational requirement.

Who is responsible for enforcing a data classification scheme in AWS?

  • A. Amazon Web services
  • B. Systems Operator
  • C. AWS Certified SysOps Administrator
  • D. Cloud Engineer

Answer: C. AWS Certified SysOps Administrator

Explanation: The responsibility of enforcing a data classification scheme in AWS rests with the Certified SysOps Administrator.

True or False: AWS Athena can be used to classify data files stored in Amazon S

  • Answer: False

Explanation: AWS Athena is a query service and it does not classify data. Services like AWS Macie are responsible for data classification.

Maintaining a data classification scheme helps in:

  • A. Identifying sensitive data
  • B. Compliance with regulations
  • C. Both A & B
  • D. Neither A nor B

Answer: C. Both A & B

Explanation: A well-maintained data classification scheme assists in identifying sensitive data and aids in staying compliant with regulatory needs.

True or False: AWS Macie uses machine learning to automatically classifies data.

  • Answer: True

Explanation: AWS Macie utilizes machine learning to automatically discover, classify, and protect sensitive data such as PII.

Interview Questions

What is a data classification scheme?

A data classification scheme is an organized plan for categorizing and organizing data securely and efficiently. It plays a critical role in risk management, regulatory compliance, and data security.

Why is it crucial to enforce a data classification scheme in AWS?

Enforcing a data classification scheme in AWS aids in improving security posture by enabling better access management, building more accurate security models, and complying with legal and regulatory requirements.

What AWS service can help to enforce a data classification scheme?

AWS Macie is a security service that utilizes machine learning to automatically classify and protect sensitive data like Personally Identifiable Information (PII).

How does AWS Macie classify data?

AWS Macie uses machine learning and pattern matching to discover and classify sensitive data such as personal identifiable information (PII). It can recognize sensitive data such as names, addresses, credit card numbers, etc.

What is the function of AWS IAM in enforcing the data classification scheme?

AWS IAM (Identity and Access Management) allows you to manage access to AWS services and resources securely. It can enforce a data classification scheme by allowing you to create and manage AWS users and groups and use permissions to allow and deny their access to AWS resources.

How does AWS Key Management Service enforce a data classification scheme?

AWS Key Management Service (KMS) makes it easy to create and manage cryptographic keys used to encrypt data, thus providing a mechanism to enforce a data classification scheme by ensuring that only users who have access to the specific key can access classified data.

How does Amazon S3 enforce a data classification scheme?

Amazon S3 provides an infrastructure to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web. Enforcing a data classification scheme in Amazon S3 involves using Amazon S3 bucket policies and S3 ACLs to manage access permissions to the stored data.

How can you use Amazon CloudWatch to monitor access attempts to classified data in AWS?

Amazon CloudWatch can be used to collect and track metrics, collect and monitor log files, and set alarms. You can use it to monitor AWS resources like EC2 instances and RDS DB instances, and also custom logs generated by your own applications and services.

Why would you use AWS Lake Formation for data classification?

AWS Lake Formation simplifies the setup and management of data lakes. It provides pre-defined security and access control policies, and even helps to classify structured and semi-structured data using machine learning algorithms, making it beneficial for enforcing data classification schemes.

What AWS service helps in auditing the enforcement of a data classification scheme?

AWS CloudTrail helps in auditing enforcement by providing logs of all activities and API calls made within your AWS infrastructure. With CloudTrail, you can track changes to AWS resources, identify who made a request, what the request was, and when it was made.

How can you handle classified data that is no longer needed in AWS?

You can delete the classified data that is no longer needed using AWS Management Console, AWS CLI, or APIs. Furthermore, AWS provides secure data deletion services that ensure data cannot be accessed after deletion.

What is the use of Amazon Inspector in enforcing a data classification scheme?

Amazon Inspector is a security assessment service that improves the security and compliance of applications deployed on AWS. It assesses applications for vulnerabilities or deviations from best practices, including the exposure of sensitive data, thus helping in enforcing data classification schemes.

What is the role of encryption in enforcing a data classification scheme in AWS?

Encryption plays a significant role in enforcing a data classification scheme. It ensures that sensitive or classified data remains unreadable and secure even if an unauthorized user accesses it during transit or at rest.

How does AWS Certificate Manager aid in data classification enforcement?

AWS Certificate Manager is a service that lets you easily provision, manage, and deploy public and private Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates for use with AWS services. It helps ensure that the data in transit is secure, which is crucial when enforcing a data classification scheme.

Can you use tags in AWS for data classification?

Yes, AWS allows you to label or tag your AWS resources which can be used as a simple and effective way to manage, classify and track resources. This can be a key component of a data classification scheme.

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