Practice Test

A Project is a temporary effort that has a defined beginning and end.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: A project is indeed a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.

A Program consists of several interrelated projects managed in a coordinated way.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: A program is a group of related projects, subsidiary programs, and program activities managed in a coordinated manner to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually.

A Portfolio refers to high-level corporate strategic initiatives and includes both project and non-project related work.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: A portfolio refers to a collection of projects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives.

A project has an ongoing operation.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: A project is a temporary endeavor, unlike operations which are ongoing.

Which of the following distinguishes a project from an operation?

  • A) Repetitiveness
  • B) Temporary nature
  • C) Ongoing process
  • D) Long-term timeline

Answer: B) Temporary nature

Explanation: Unlike operations, a project has a defined beginning and end and hence is temporary in nature.

Which of the following defines a program?

  • A) Temporary endeavor with a start and end date
  • B) Group of related projects driven by a common goal
  • C) Ongoing operation to maintain business processes
  • D) Long-term process with no defined end

Answer: B) Group of related projects driven by a common goal

Explanation: A program is a group of related projects, managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually.

Portfolio management evaluates organizational initiatives on the basis of their strategic importance.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Portfolio management is concerned with selecting, managing, and coordinating an organization’s initiatives based on strategic importance.

Which of the following includes the management of subsidiary programs and related projects?

  • A) Project
  • B) Program
  • C) Portfolio
  • D) Operation

Answer: B) Program

Explanation: A program includes the coordinated management of multiple projects and subsidiary programs to benefit a common goal.

Select all that apply. What are the key characteristics of a project?

  • A) It is temporary
  • B) It produces a unique outcome
  • C) It involves ongoing operations
  • D) It involves diversification

Answer: A) It is temporary, B) It produces a unique outcome

Explanation: A project is set within a defined timeframe (temporary) and its objective is to achieve a unique outcome.

All projects within a portfolio must be interconnected.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: While a program consists of interconnected projects, a portfolio includes both related and unrelated projects and programs.

Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Project management involves the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to meet the requirements of a project.

Programs are generally managed to achieve economic benefits.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Programs are managed in a coordinated manner to achieve benefits not available from managing projects individually, these benefits are often economic.

Portfolios are not used to achieve an organization’s strategic objectives.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: The purpose of a portfolio is to execute and achieve organizational strategy and objectives, it includes all projects, programs, and operational work.

A project can exist without a program, but a program cannot exist without a portfolio.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: Projects can exist independently without being part of a program, and similarly, programs can exist independently without being part of a portfolio.

Organizations utilize portfolio management for aligning projects and programs with their strategic objectives.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Portfolio management is the centralized management of one or more portfolios, which includes identifying, prioritizing, authorizing, managing, and controlling projects, programs and other related work, to achieve specific strategic business objectives.

Interview Questions

What is the primary distinction between a project and a program?

A project is a temporary endeavor with a specific objective to produce a unique product or service, whereas a program is a group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually.

What is a Portfolio?

A portfolio refers to a collection of projects, programs, subsidiary portfolios, and operations managed as a group to achieve strategic objectives.

How are programs and portfolios similar?

Both programs and portfolios are collections of work that are managed together. However, programs are composed of related projects while portfolios contain any project or program (related or unrelated) within an organization.

Is it necessary for the projects within a program to be interrelated?

Yes, within a program, the projects are interrelated and are managed in a coordinated manner to provide benefits and control which would not be available if they were managed separately.

Can a portfolio contain unrelated projects?

Yes, a portfolio can contain both related and unrelated projects or programs. The purpose of a portfolio is to group together all initiatives in an organization to strategically manage and achieve organizational objectives.

Does a project have a defined start and end date?

Yes, a project is a temporary endeavor, which means it has a defined beginning and end time, and therefore defined scope and resources.

How is the success of a project determined?

The success of a project is determined by whether it has achieved its unique goals and objectives within its defined scope, time, and cost constraints.

How is the success of a program determined?

The success of a program is determined by its capacity to deliver its intended outcomes and benefits.

Are portfolios usually tied to the strategic goals of an organization?

Yes, portfolios are designed to implement or achieve organizational strategic goals or objectives.

Can a program be part of a portfolio?

Yes, a program is part of a portfolio and is managed collectively with other projects and programs to achieve strategic objectives.

Can a project exist within a program?

Yes, a project can exist within a program. In this case, the project is managed in a coordinated manner with other projects within the program to provide benefits not available from managing them individually.

Is there a hierarchy between projects, programs, and portfolios?

Yes, there is a hierarchy. Projects are part of programs, and programs are part of portfolios.

Are there different methods for managing projects, programs, and portfolios?

Yes, different practices and techniques are used in managing projects, programs, and portfolios depending on the complexity, interdependencies, and strategic importance.

Are projects typically larger than programs?

No, usually programs are larger than projects, as they are composed of several related projects.

Do projects, programs, and portfolios all deliver benefits for an organization?

Yes, all three do deliver benefits. Projects deliver outputs, programs deliver outcomes, and portfolios align with and deliver organizational strategy and objectives.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *