Practice Test

Rolling wave planning and progressive elaboration are agile techniques used to plan at multiple levels.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: a) True

Explanation: Rolling wave planning and progressive elaboration are techniques used in agile to manage the level of detail in planning based on the proximity of the work.

The strategic planning level in Agile involves high-level long-term goals.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: a) True

Explanation: Strategic planning in Agile involves setting the high-level, long-term goals and direction of the project or organization.

The daily planning level involves making updates to the product backlog and added granularity.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: b) False

Explanation: Daily planning in Agile generally involves the daily scrum or stand-up meeting to discuss work progress and any blockers.

Rolling wave planning assumes that you can foresee every detail of the project from the outset.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: b) False

Explanation: The rolling wave planning technique considers that details about future project activities are uncertain and become clearer with time.

The ability to exploit opportunities contributes to which aspect of planning?

  • a) Ability to handle change
  • b) Predictability of outcomes
  • c) Both a and b
  • d) None of the above

Answer: a) Ability to handle change

Explanation: Agile methods allow for flexible planning which can exploit new opportunities, handling changes effectively.

Progressive elaboration is the process of:

  • a) Adding details to the plan as they become known
  • b) Removing details from the plan as they become outdated
  • c) Reworking the plan to fit new specifications
  • d) None of the above

Answer: a) Adding details to the plan as they become known

Explanation: Progressive elaboration is an iterative technique for planning in which more details are filled in as more about the project becomes known over time.

Agile planning is a one-time activity executed at the beginning of the project.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: b) False

Explanation: Agile planning is a continuous activity, with regular updates and adjustments as the project progresses.

The release planning level involves deciding the goals and timetable for upcoming releases.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: a) True

Explanation: Release planning in Agile is a bigger-picture planning phase where you decide what you want to build for the next release, and when you will build it.

Progressive elaboration helps hinder the predictability of outcomes.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: b) False

Explanation: Progressive elaboration actually helps to promote predictability of outcomes by adding detail to the plan over time as more knowledge about the project becomes known.

A detailed initial plan is more valuable than an adaptable plan in Agile.

  • a) True
  • b) False

Answer: b) False

Explanation: An adaptable plan is considered more valuable in Agile as it allows for the flexibility to respond to changes and opportunities.

Interview Questions

What is rolling wave planning in agile project management?

Rolling wave planning in agile project management is a planning technique that involves planning for shorter periods of time during an ongoing project while being open to elaborating on the future phases of the project as more details become clear.

Can you elaborate on what is meant by ‘progressive elaboration’?

Progressive elaboration in agile project management refers to the process of consistently revising, refining, and adding detail to a plan as more information becomes available over time, allowing for more accurate and detailed planning as the project moves forward.

How does progressive elaboration balance predictability and opportunity exploitation in project management?

Progressive elaboration allows project teams to balance predictability and opportunity exploitation by continually refining and detailing the plan as more information becomes available. This process creates a dynamic plan that can adapt to changes, thus offering avenues to exploit new opportunities that may arise while maintaining some level of predictability.

How can strategic planning be applied in an agile environment?

In an agile environment, strategic planning often involves setting the overall direction and goals for the project, identifying high-level deliverables, and setting a timeline for their delivery. The detailed planning then happens incrementally, in alignment with the principles of rolling wave planning and progressive elaboration.

What defines the ‘release’ level of plan in Agile methodology?

The ‘release’ level of planning in Agile methodology involves planning the tasks and features that will be included in a specific release of the product. This type of plan typically spans several iterations or sprints and includes higher-level planning and coordination.

Could you describe an ‘iteration’ in Agile planning?

An ‘iteration’ in Agile planning is a short, timeboxed period where a set of predefined work is completed. It involves detailed planning of the work to be completed within the iteration, typically one to four weeks long, with the goal to produce a working increment of the product.

What is the ‘daily’ level in Agile planning?

The ‘daily’ level in Agile planning involves the daily stand-up or Scrum meetings where the team discusses what they worked on the previous day, what they plan to work on in the current day, and any obstacles they are facing. It allows for immediate and relevant planning and adjustments.

Why is it important to plan at multiple levels in an Agile project?

Planning at multiple levels in an Agile project allows the team to balance long-term strategic goals with the flexibility to adapt to changes and challenges that may emerge on a daily basis. It enables the team to break down the project into manageable parts, prioritize them, and adapt the plan as necessary.

How do rolling wave planning and progressive elaboration complement each other in Agile project management?

Rolling wave planning and progressive elaboration complement each other by allowing project teams to initially plan high-level features and develop detailed plans as they get closer to working on them. This approach allows for more precise planning based on the most recent and relevant information.

What are the key benefits of rolling wave planning for Agile teams?

The key benefits of rolling wave planning for Agile teams include increased flexibility, adaptability to changes, and the ability to incorporate new discoveries or modifications into the project plan as they arise. It also reduces wasted effort on detailed planning for tasks that might change significantly or be deprioritized in the future.

What could be the potential risks of not using progressive elaboration in an Agile project?

Not using progressive elaboration in an Agile project can lead to inaccurate planning, as decisions are made based on assumptions rather than real-time information. It also limits the team’s ability to respond to new opportunities or changes, potentially leading to missed opportunities or inefficient work.

How can Agile teams ensure predictability in their outcomes?

Agile teams can ensure predictability in their outcomes by maintaining a consistent rhythm or cadence of releases, using past performance for future planning, continuously refining estimates based on complete work, and creating a shared understanding of goals and expectations within the team.

What strategies can Agile teams implement to exploit new opportunities?

Agile teams can exploit new opportunities by embracing change, using feedback loops to continuously adapt and improve, fostering a culture of innovation and experimentation, and continuously refining their backlog to prioritize value-adding features or tasks.

How does rolling wave planning enable exploit opportunities in Agile projects?

Rolling wave planning enables Agile teams to exploit opportunities by allowing plans to evolve as the project progresses and new information emerges. This flexible planning approach allows teams to incorporate unforeseen opportunities, adapt to changes, and continuously refine their work to deliver the maximum value.

How does strategic planning aid in predictability of outcomes in Agile project management?

Strategic planning aids in the predictability of outcomes in Agile project management by providing a clear direction for the project and setting overall goals. When these strategic plans are coupled with iterative implementation and reviews, teams can predict project outcomes with greater accuracy.

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