Practice Test

True or False: Decision making is not a requisite skill for Agile practitioners.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Decision making is an essential skill set for an agile practitioner as it involves frequent changes, adaptations and requires effective decision capacity to make choices that best serve the project.

In the context of Agile, what can primarily guide decision-making?

  • a) Historical Data
  • b) intuition and experience
  • c) The project plan
  • d) Stakeholder input
  • e) Both a and d

Answer: e) Both a and d

Explanation: Agile decisions are primarily guided by both historical data, which helps to predict project trends, and stakeholder input which places importance on customer collaboration.

What is most important when making a tough decision in an Agile context?

  • a) Making the decision quickly to keep the project moving
  • b) Making a decision that makes the most people happy
  • c) Making a decision that aligns with Agile principles and values
  • d) Making a decision which is cost-effective

Answer: c) Making a decision that aligns with Agile principles and values

Explanation: While cost, speed, and team satisfaction are all important, the most fundamental aspect is alignment with Agile principles and values, which prioritize the delivery of value, continuous improvement and responsiveness to change.

True or False: The Project Manager is always the one to make major decisions in Agile projects.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Agile teams are self-organizing, which means that decision-making is often decentralized. The team collectively makes major decisions, with input from the Product Owner or Scrum Master.

True or False: Stakeholder input is not required in Agile decision making.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: In Agile, stakeholder engagement is paramount and their inputs are highly considered in decision-making as Agile places emphasis on customer satisfaction and their involvement.

In Agile, when should a decision be taken?

  • a) As early as possible
  • b) As late as possible
  • c) At the project initiation
  • d) At the end of the project

Answer: b) As late as possible

Explanation: In Agile, decisions are intentionally delayed until the “last responsible moment.” This is to maximize the amount of work not done and to promote simplicity.

Which Agile principle highlights the importance of decision making?

  • a) Welcome changing requirements, even late in development
  • b) At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly
  • c) The team should aim to make decisions that are good enough for now, and safe enough to try
  • d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Explanation: All options mentioned are Agile Principles highlighting the importance of decision-making, which covers the scope of adapting to changes, self-improvement and making safe yet progressive decisions.

Decisions in Agile should be based on which of the following?

  • a) Fixed project scope
  • b) Speculation about future requirements
  • c) Customer collaboration
  • d) Documented contracts

Answer: c) Customer collaboration

Explanation: Agile puts customers at the heart of the project and emphasizes their constant involvement and collaboration. Decisions in Agile are therefore primarily based on customer needs and requirements.

True or False: Decisions in Agile Projects should always be irreversible.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: The intention in Agile is to make reversible or “safe-to-fail” decisions that allow for learning and adaptation. This boosts resilience against uncertainty.

Which of the following can help ensure decision-making is effective in an Agile team?

  • a) Encourage open dialogue and collective decision-making
  • b) Avoid taking risks and stick to known paths
  • c) Rely entirely on historical data
  • d) Make decisions that please upper management

Answer: a) Encourage open dialogue and collective decision-making

Explanation: Agile emphasizes communication and cooperation within the team. Open dialogue and collective decision-making can help in ensuring that the decisions made are in the best interests of the project and the team.

Interview Questions

What do we understand by a decision-making process in Agile?

In Agile, decision-making is seen as a collaborative strategy where team members collectively take decisions, involving active contribution from everyone based on valuable feedback and open communication.

Which decision-making technique helps in understanding stakeholders’ priorities on multiple aspects?

The decision-making technique that helps in understanding stakeholders’ priorities is known as Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA).

How does the Agile mindset perceive decision-making?

The Agile mindset perceives decision-making as a continually evolving process that welcomes change and is accommodating to new information and ideas.

What is the essence of Delphi Technique in decision-making?

The Delphi Technique is a method used to estimate the likelihood and outcome of future events. A group of experts exchange views, and each independently gives estimates and assumptions to a facilitator who reviews the data and issues a summary report.

What is the significance of ‘change’ in Agile decision-making?

In Agile, ‘change’ is welcomed, means decisions aren’t set in stone and can be adjusted as new information or changes come along. It offers room for continuous improvement, learning and growth.

Why can a fast decision-making process be crucial in Agile development?

Fast decision-making is crucial in Agile to unblock the development process, reduce risks, exploit new opportunities, and deliver a product that meets customer demands swiftly and effectively.

Can you explain the concept of ‘Just in Time’ (JIT) decision-making in Agile?

‘Just in Time’ (JIT) decision-making in Agile means making decisions at the last responsible moment. This allows the team to make decisions when they have the most knowledge and are best equipped to do so.

What is the role of a product owner in Agile decision-making?

A product owner represents the business or user community and is responsible for making decisions on the priority of features, epics, and user stories. They are responsible for ensuring that the team is working on the most value-added tasks.

With reference to decision-making, what does ‘decentralizing’ mean in Agile?

Decentralizing in Agile decision-making means giving authority to the development teams to take their own decisions, clarifying their responsibilities, and creating opportunities for team-based learning and process improvement.

What is the Fist of Five Voting in Agile Decision Making?

Fist of Five Voting is a technique used by Agile Teams to vote on decisions or estimates. It allows teams to gauge the level of confidence, agreement, or size/complexity around a particular item.

How does the decision-making process in Agile support flexibility and adaptability?

Agile decision-making supports flexibility and adaptability by encouraging iterative thinking, collaboration, and ensuring decisions are made based on the most current and accurate information. It encourages teams to question old decisions and change them if necessary.

How does the Agile decision-making process relate to the Agile principle of “Responding to change over following a plan”?

The Agile decision-making process allows for changes to be made as necessary throughout the project. Decisions aren’t finalized until the last responsible moment, allowing for new information to change the course of action if necessary, adhering to “Responding to change over following a plan”.

How to handle conflicts during Agile decision-making process?

Conflicts should be addressed openly and collaboratively. Techniques such as Conflict Resolution, Consensus Building, and Compromise can be used. It’s important that everyone listens closely to others’ perspectives and works toward a mutually beneficial solution.

In Agile decision-making, what is meant by ‘Last Responsible Moment’?

‘Last Responsible Moment’ in Agile refers to the point in time where the decision must be made to prevent negative impact on the project deliverables. The idea is to delay decisions until the maximum amount of information is available.

What aspect is pivotal in facilitative decision-making in Agile?

The facilitative decision-making in Agile insists on collaboration. It stresses on the group’s collective thinking power for effective problem-solving, innovation and making high-quality decisions.

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