Practice Test

True or False: In construction, a risk is something that is certain to happen?

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: In construction, risk refers to an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on a project’s objectives.

Which among the following are methods of risk identification in construction projects?

  • A. SWOT analysis
  • B. Checklist
  • C. Interview
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: Different methods of risk identification include SWOT analysis, checklists, interviews, brainstorming sessions, and event tree analysis.

True or False: Financial risk and operational risk are two different classifications of risk in construction.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Yes, financial risks are associated with the financial structure and transactions of the project. Operational risks pertain to routine operational processes.

The risk of damage to equipment and site accidents belongs to what risk classification?

  • A. Technical risk
  • B. Financial risk
  • C. Environmental risk
  • D. Operational risk

Answer: D. Operational risk

Explanation: Operational risk refers to routine operational processes within the project which may include equipment breakdowns and accidents.

In construction projects, environmental risks are accounted for during which phase?

  • A. Initiation phase
  • B. Planning phase
  • C. Execution phase
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: Environmental risks are accounted for throughout all phases of the project. These risks include weather conditions, site conditions, etc.

True or False: Risk Response planning should only consider negative risk events.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Risk response planning addresses both threats and opportunities. It includes enhancing opportunities, as much as mitigating threats.

Which type of risk primarily comes from uncertainty about the total price or duration of contract?

  • A. Financial risk
  • B. Contractual risk
  • C. Technical risk
  • D. Environmental Risk

Answer: B. Contractual risk

Explanation: Contractual risks originate from the contractual relationship between the parties involved in the construction project.

True or False: The project manager is responsible for all risks in a construction project.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: All stakeholders share responsibility for risks. The project manager’s role is to oversee and manage risk management planning, but not to single-handedly take responsibility for all risks.

Which is often the first step in managing risks effectively?

  • A. Risk identification
  • B. Risk assessment
  • C. Risk reduction
  • D. Risk acceptance

Answer: A. Risk identification

Explanation: The first step in the risk management process is often risk identification, which involves spotting potential risks that could negatively impact the project.

True or False: Risks cannot be shared in construction projects.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Risks can be shared or transferred to other parties through contracts or other mechanisms which is one way of mitigating a risk.

The risk classification that deals with risks arising from design errors and omissions is:

  • A. Technical risk
  • B. Contractual risk
  • C. Operational risk
  • D. Financial risk

Answer: A. Technical Risk

Explanation: Design errors, omissions, and other technical issues fall under the category of technical risks.

True or False: Risks are only identified before the project begins.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: While many risks can be identified before the project starts, new risks may arise during any stage of the project.

Which risk classification covers risks arising from a change in government regulations or policy?

  • A. Financial Risk
  • B. Contractual Risk
  • C. Political Risk
  • D. Environmental Risk

Answer: C. Political Risk

Explanation: Changes in government regulations, policies, instability, or change in government fall under political risks.

Broadly in project risk management, risks are classified into:

  • A. Internal and External Risks
  • B. Strategic and Operational Risks
  • C. Both A and B
  • D. None of the above

Answer: C. Both A and B

Explanation: Risks in project risk management are classified into Internal and External risks attributable to project environment, and Strategic and Operational based on operation of project.

True or False: Once a risk has been mitigated, it no longer needs to be monitored.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Even after mitigation measures have been undertaken, risks need to still be monitored regularly. The situation may change or the mitigation tactics may not be as effective as anticipated.

Interview Questions

What are the four main types of risk classifications in project management?

The four main types of risk classifications in project management are Technical Risks, Project Management Risks, Organizational Risks, and External Risks.

How are technical risks categorized in a project?

Technical risks usually involve problems with technology, such as equipment failures, technological advancements, or lack of technical knowledge, which can impact the project timeline or the quality of deliverables.

What are project management risks and how are they classified?

Project management risks refer to potential problems related to the way a project is managed, such as poor planning, inadequate resource allocation, or ineffective communication or coordination. They are classified according to the particular management area they pertain to, such as scope, time, cost, quality, human resources, communications, risk, procurement, or stakeholder management.

How can organizational risks impact a project?

Organizational risks can emerge from any changes within the organization that affects its operations. This could include changes in leadership, rearrangement of priorities, or operational shifts that may disrupt project execution or demand resources to be reallocated.

What are external risks in the context of project risk management?

External risks are factors outside the organization that may impact the project. These can include market trends, political instability, natural disasters, financial market fluctuations, changes in laws and regulations, or any other uncontrollable external events.

What is the appropriate application of risk classification in project management?

Risk classification is used to categorize the potential risks in a project. By classifying risks, project teams can identify their source and determine the best strategies to mitigate them.

How does risk classification help in risk response planning?

By classifying risks, project managers can map out strategic responses to each of them based on their category. For example, technical risks might require a backup plan or extra resources while organizational risks may require changes in the project’s stakeholder engagement strategy.

How are high impact risks typically classified?

High impact risks are typically classified as critical, and they have the potential to greatly disrupt a project’s progress or result in significant cost overruns. These risks must be carefully managed and mitigated to prevent project failure.

How is likelihood considered in risk classification?

Likelihood is used to determine how probable it is that a risk will occur. Risks that are highly likely to occur are given higher priority and more resources are allocated to their mitigation and management.

How does risk classification aid in project decision making?

Risk classification helps project managers and stakeholders understand the potential impact of different types of risk on the project. Knowing where risks may come from and their potential impact can inform decisions about project design, resource allocation, scheduling, and mitigation strategies.

What risk classification is appropriate for risks that cannot be predicted or controlled?

Risks that cannot be predicted or controlled are typically classified as external risks. These require a more reactive response, often involving contingency planning.

How does risk classification relate to risk identification?

Risk classification is a part of the risk identification process. Once a risk has been identified, it’s classified so that it can be better understood and managed. The classification process helps in organizing risks according to their potential source, impact, and likelihood.

What is the importance of consistency in risk classification in project management?

Consistency in risk classification ensures that all risks are evaluated and responded to in a systematic way. It also improves communication about risks within the project team and with stakeholders, and helps in tracking risks throughout the project.

How can risk classification assist in risk prioritization?

Risk classification aids in risk prioritization by creating a clear understanding of where risks come from and how severe their impact could be. This understanding is critical in deciding which risks to focus resources on, based on their significance to the success of the project.

What is the role of a risk register in risk classification?

A risk register is a key tool in risk classification. It provides a centralized place to record identified risks and their classifications, enabling easy review, tracking, and management of risks throughout the project’s lifecycle.

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