Practice Test

True or False: A risk trigger is an event that directly results in a contingency plan when a risk occurs.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Risk triggers, often called risk symptoms or warning signs, are indicators that a risk event is about to occur, not automatically resulting in a contingency plan.

Multiple select: Which of the following can be identified risks in a project?

  • A) Budget overrun.
  • B) Shortage of skilled personnel.
  • C) Disinterest from project investors.
  • D) Team’s weekly lunch.

Answer: A, B, C.

Explanation: While all the options involve aspects of project management, only the first three can be correctly identified as risks – something that could potentially harm or hinder the execution or success of the project.

True or False: Repeated analysis of identified risks and triggers during a project is unnecessary.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Risk analysis is not a one-time activity. It must be repeated throughout the life of the project to ensure all probable risks are identified and actively managed.

Single select: What term refers to the process of identifying and analyzing potential project risks?

  • A) Risk Acceptance.
  • B) Risk Identification.
  • C) Risk Analysis.
  • D) Risk Management.

Answer: C) Risk Analysis.

Explanation: Risk Analysis is the specific process of identifying and analyzing potential project risks.

Multiple select: Which of the following inputs are needed for risk analysis?

  • A) Risk Register.
  • B) Risk Breakdown Structure.
  • C) Project Documents.
  • D) Risk Appetite.

Answer: A, C.

Explanation: Both Risk Register and Project Documents are inputs for risk analysis. The Risk Breakdown Structure is a tool used in risk identification, not analysis, and Risk Appetite is a strategic concept, not a document.

True or False: Risk triggers are only negative events.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Risk triggers can indicate either negative (threats) or positive (opportunities) risks. They are recognized as the sign that a risk event is about to occur.

Single select: What is a risk owner?

  • A) Person who identified the risk.
  • B) Person responsible for managing the risk.
  • C) Person who is affected by the risk.
  • D) Person who triggers the risk.

Answer: B) Person responsible for managing the risk.

Explanation: A risk owner is an individual, generally a member of the project team, who is responsible for managing a particular risk

True or False: A risk assessment matrix is a tool used to analyze the validity of identified risks.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: A risk assessment matrix helps in determining the extent of a risk by evaluating its probability and impact

Multiple Select: What are the methods for qualitative risk analysis?

  • A) Probability and impact matrix.
  • B) Interviews.
  • C) SWOT Analysis.
  • D) Cost Benefit Analysis

Answer: A, B, C

Explanation: Qualitative Risk Analysis methods include Probability and Impact Matrix, Interviews, SWOT Analysis. Cost Benefit Analysis is a part of Quantitative Risk Analysis.

True or False: A risk that has occurred is called an issue.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: When a risk event has occurred, it becomes an issue that must be addressed and resolved. Conditions, problems, or situations that have already occurred are termed issues whereas potential future events are termed risks.

Single select: What does a robust risk management process NOT include?

  • A) Time Management.
  • B) Risk Identification.
  • C) Risk Response Planning.
  • D) Risk Monitoring.

Answer: A) Time Management.

Explanation: Time Management is not specifically part of risk management, even though delays can indeed pose a risk. Risk management includes risk identification, risk response planning, and risk monitoring.

Multiple select: What are the four main strategies for negative risks or threats?

  • A) Enhance.
  • B) Exploit.
  • C) Accept.
  • D) Mitigate.
  • E) Transfer.

Answer: C, D, E.

Explanation: For negative risks or threats, the main strategies are Accept, Mitigate, and Transfer. Enhance and Exploit are strategies used for positive risks or opportunities.

True or False: The purpose of risk identification is to recognize the possible risks that could affect the project and document their characteristics.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: The purpose of risk identification in project risk management is indeed to recognize potential risks and document their characteristics.

Single select: A sequence of activities that has been established and enforced, specifically intended to avoid a risk, is known as:

  • A) Risk Transfer.
  • B) Risk Avoidance.
  • C) Risk Mitigation.
  • D) Risk Acceptance.

Answer: B) Risk Avoidance.

Explanation: Risk Avoidance involves altering the project plan so that a risk event is effectively avoided.

True or False: Reactive risk strategies include risk acceptance, risk avoidance, and risk mitigation.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Reactive risk strategies are those that respond to the risk once it has occurred whereas proactive strategies like risk acceptance, risk avoidance, and risk mitigation work to identify, assess and reduce risk before they become problems.

Interview Questions

What is the role of the risk register in identifying the validity of risks and triggers in PMI Risk Management?

A risk register is a document used in project management to identify potential risks in the upcoming stages of a project. It encompasses risks, potential impacts, responses, and the person responsible for managing the risk, enabling the project manager to validate the risk and associated triggers.

How does the scope of the project affect the validity of identified risks and triggers?

The scope of the project defines what is and isn’t included in the project. Any identified risk or trigger that falls outside of the project’s scope would be considered invalid.

What strategies are used to analyze the validity of identified risks and triggers?

Strategies can include regular risk reviews, risk reassessment, audits, variance and trend analysis. All these steps will help to asses and validate the identified risks and triggers.

What is a risk trigger in PMI Risk Management?

A risk trigger is an event or condition that causes a risk to occur. Identifying a risk trigger in PMI Risk Management helps to preemptively identify when a risk is imminent.

How does a project timeline affect the validity of identified risks and triggers?

The timeline of a project directly affects the validity of identified risks and triggers. Certain risks are time-bound and may only be valid within certain parts of the project.

Why is it important to assess the validity of identified risks and their triggers?

Assessing the validity of identified risks and their triggers ensures that resources are rightfully directed towards managing substantial threats and making strategic decisions to mitigate them.

How does a risk breakdown structure (RBS) help in validating the identified risks and triggers?

A risk breakdown structure is a hierarchical depiction of risks, organized by category. This allows for easier analysis, further identification of associated triggers, and validity assessment.

What role do stakeholders play in validating identified risks and triggers?

Stakeholders have varied perspectives and knowledge about the project and its environment. Their input can greatly help in validating the identified risks and triggers and in prioritizing the risk responses.

What process is used to validate identified risks?

The risk validation process involves identifying, analyzing, and prioritizing the risks, which is then documented in a risk register. Regular risk reviews, audits, and reassessments are carried out to ensure the identified risks and triggers are still valid.

How can a Risk Probability and Impact Matrix be used to determine the validity of the identified risk?

A Risk Probability and Impact Matrix assists in determining how risks rank by establishing their likelihood of occurrence and potential impact. A risk with a low likelihood and low impact may be considered less valid than a risk with a high likelihood and high impact.

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