Practice Test

True or False: The identification of project risks is the first step in assessing project risk level.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Identifying is indeed the first step, because without being aware of the potential risks, we can’t analyze them or assess their levels.

Which tool can be useful for assessing the risk level of a project?

  • A. Risk Matrix
  • B. Risk Register
  • C. Both A and B
  • D. None of the above

Answer: C. Both A and B

Explanation: Both the Risk Matrix and Risk Register are essential tools in project risk management. The Risk Matrix helps in visually prioritizing risks based on their overall impact and probability, while the Risk Register records details of all identified risks.

Qualitative Risk Analysis is based on numerical values. True or False?

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Qualitative Risk Analysis is subjective and not based on numerical values. It uses ranking and scoring to identify the risk levels and prioritize them.

Risks with high probability and high impact fall in which category?

  • A. Extreme Risks
  • B. Minimal Risks
  • C. Moderate Risks
  • D. Low Risks

Answer: A. Extreme Risks

Explanation: Risks that have a high probability of occurrence and high impact are known as extreme risks. They require immediate attention.

Which technique to assess project risk level involves the use of numeric values?

  • A. Qualitative Risk Analysis
  • B. Quantitative Risk Analysis
  • C. Risk Avoidance
  • D. None of the above

Answer: B. Quantitative Risk Analysis

Explanation: Quantitative Risk Analysis uses numeric values to analyze the probability of each risk event and its impact on project objectives.

True or False: You can assess project risk level without identifying possible project risks.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: It is impossible to determine the level of risk without first identifying what the possible risks could be.

Qualitative Risk Analysis typically happens before Quantitative Risk Analysis. True or False?

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Qualitative Risk Analysis is usually performed before Quantitative. The main reason for this is that qualitative analysis helps to identify and prioritize risks, which then are further analyzed in a more detailed way during the quantitative analysis.

In project risk management, the risk urgency assessment is a component of:

  • A. Risk Identification
  • B. Risk Analysis
  • C. Risk Response Planning
  • D. Risk Register

Answer: B. Risk Analysis

Explanation: The risk urgency assessment is a component of the risk analysis process. It evaluates the urgency of addressing specific risks based on their level of risk, potential impact, or other factors.

True or False: Risk tolerance differs from organization to organization.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Risk tolerance depends on numerous factors including the organization’s objectives, stakeholder expectations, and current market conditions. Hence, it differs from organization to organization.

In PMI Risk Management, which risk score would be the most critical:

  • A. 3
  • B. 7
  • C. 0
  • D. 5

Answer: D. 5

Explanation: In PMI Risk Management, a risk score is calculated by multiplying the risk’s probability by its impact. The higher the score, the more critical the risk is.

Every identified risk needs to go through both Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis. True or False?

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Not all identified risks require or are suitable for both types of analysis. The decision to use qualitative or quantitative analysis (or both) can depend on the nature of the risk, the availability of data, and the needs of the project.

During the risk assessment process, risks are rated based on their:

  • A. Probability and impact.
  • B. Impact and urgency.
  • C. Probability, impact, and urgency.
  • D. Probability and scalability.

Answer: C. Probability, impact, and urgency.

Explanation: Risks are typically assessed based on their probability of occurrence, potential impact on project objectives, and urgency of a response.

Interview Questions

What is project risk management?

Project risk management is the process of identifying, analyzing, and responding to any risk that arises over the life span of a project to help achieve its objectives.

What is risk assessment in project management?

Risk assessment is the process of identifying potential risks, assessing their impact, and determining how to manage them. It involves analyzing the possibility of adverse events and making provisions to limit their impact.

What are the key elements of risk assessment?

The key elements of risk assessment include risk identification, risk analysis, risk response planning, and risk monitoring and control.

What is the purpose of a risk register in project management?

A risk register is a tool used in risk management that acts as a central repository where all identified risks are compiled, along with information about them and plans for how to handle them.

What is the difference between a threat and an opportunity in project risk assessment?

A threat is a potential risk that may have a negative impact on a project’s objectives. An opportunity, on the other hand, is a risk that could have a positive impact on achieving or even surpassing a project’s objectives.

How does risk tolerance affect project management?

Risk tolerance is the degree of uncertainty an entity is willing to withstand. It impacts project management as it affects decision-making, risk approach, and the level of risk that the project team is willing to accept.

How do you assess the risk level of a project?

The risk level of a project can be assessed by identifying potential risks, assessing their likelihood of occurrence, and their potential impact on the project. The more severe the potential impact and the likelihood of a risk, the higher the risk level.

Why is risk management important in project management?

Risk management is important in project management because it allows teams to mitigate potential problems before they happen, thus reducing the likelihood of project failure and increasing the likelihood of meeting or exceeding the project’s objectives.

What is the main objective of risk management in project management?

The main objective of risk management in project management is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities may be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.

What is residual risk in project management?

Residual risk is the risk that remains after all risk response planning has been executed.

How are risks prioritized in project management?

Risks are typically prioritized based on their potential impact on the project and the likelihood of their occurrence. These are typically assessed on a scale and then ranked to determine which risks must be addressed first.

What is contingency planning in risk management?

Contingency planning is a course of action designed to help manage and mitigate the impact of an event or risk. It is often used as a backup plan when a project doesn’t proceed as expected.

What are some of the risk response strategies in project risk management?

There are four fundamental strategies for responding to risk in project management – accept the risk, avoid the risk, minimize (mitigate) the risk, or share the risk.

How can a risk breakdown structure (RBS) be useful in a project?

A risk breakdown structure is a project management tool that allows a team to identify risks and categorize them for easier understanding and management.

What should a project manager do if a risk event occurs during the project?

If a risk event occurs, the project manager should initiate the appropriate risk response plan that was prepared during the risk management process. This might include mitigation strategies or contingency plans.

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