Practice Test

Risk prioritization is the process of ranking all identified risks based on their potential effect on project objectives.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: This is the correct definition of risk prioritization. It aids in focusing on the most significant risks.

Which of the following is NOT a common criterion for risk prioritization?

  • A) Potential impact of the risk
  • B) Probability of risk occurrence
  • C) Size of the project
  • D) Urgency of the risk

Answer: C) Size of the project

Explanation: The size of the project does not matter when prioritizing risks – their potential impact, probability of occurring, and urgency do.

In risk prioritization, urgency refers to the amount of time before the potential risk impact will be felt.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Yes, the urgency of a risk does refer to how imminent the risk is or how much time you have before the risk could impact the project.

Select the correct statements regarding Risk Matrix

  • A) Risk Matrix is used in risk prioritization
  • B) Risk Matrix includes information about the probability of occurrence and the potential impact of the risk
  • C) Every Risk Matrix is the same
  • D) Risk Matrix is optional in risk prioritization

Answer: A) Risk Matrix is used in risk prioritization, B) Risk Matrix includes information about the probability of occurrence and the potential impact of the risk

Explanation: The Risk Matrix is a common tool used to determine risk prioritization. Each Risk Matrix is different depending on the specific details and needs of the project. It is not an optional tool.

Multiple risk categorization (high, medium, low) is not beneficial in risk prioritization.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: Categorization such as high, medium, and low risks is essential in risk prioritization as it gives a clear visual understanding of which risks need to be addressed first.

Past lessons learned have no role in risk prioritization.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False.

Explanation: Past lessons can provide valuable insights into how to evaluate and prioritize risks, significantly improving the risk management process.

Planning of risk responses only happens after risk prioritization.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: The prioritization of risks will determine the urgency and type of responses required for each risk.

The higher the risk, the higher should be its prioritization.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: A) True

Explanation: Higher risks can potentially cause more damage hence they should be dealt with on priority basis to mitigate any potential damage.

Which of the following criteria could be less important in risk prioritization for a small project?

  • A) Risk probability
  • B) Risk impact
  • C) Risk urgency
  • D) None of the above

Answer: D) None of the above

Explanation: Irrespective of the project’s size, all of the stated criteria (probability, impact, and urgency) are important in risk prioritization.

Risk identification takes place after risk prioritization.

  • A) True
  • B) False

Answer: B) False

Explanation: Risk identification occurs first, followed by risk prioritization. You can’t prioritize risks you haven’t identified yet.

Interview Questions

What is risk prioritization in Project Management?

Risk prioritization in Project Management is the process of determining the importance or urgency of each recognized risk based on its potential influence on the project outcomes. Risks are often prioritized based on their potential consequence and the likelihood of their occurrence.

What major factors are considered in risk prioritization criteria?

Factors considered in risk prioritization criteria typically include the probability of occurrence, the potential impact on the project, the time-frame within which it may occur, and the level of tolerance for the risk.

What is the benefit of risk prioritization in project management?

Risk prioritization helps project managers to make informed decisions about risk management and to allocate project resources efficiently. It enables them to address the most critical risks first to achieve successful project outcomes.

What is a Risk Priority Number (RPN)?

A Risk Priority Number (RPN) is a multiplication product of the severity, occurrence, and detection rating of a risk. It helps to quantify and prioritize risks to manage and control them more effectively.

What are some of the tools to help with risk prioritization?

Tools that aid in risk prioritization include: risk matrix (also known as risk map), sensitivity analysis, decision tree analysis, failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), Monte Carlo simulation, etc.

What is a risk matrix?

A risk matrix, also known as a risk map, is a graphical representation of the probability of the occurrence of a risk and the severity of its potential impact which helps in risk prioritization.

How is risk impact considered in the risk prioritization process?

Risk impact is considered by evaluating the potential effect a risk will have on a project’s schedule, cost, or quality. Higher impact risks will generally be given a higher priority.

Does risk prioritization take into account risk mitigation strategies already in place?

Yes, risk prioritization does factor in risk mitigation strategies already in place. The potential effectiveness of a mitigation strategy can affect the perceived urgency or priority level of a risk.

Why is the timing of risk important in risk prioritization?

The timing of a risk, or the point in the project timeline when it could potentially occur, is important because risks that are projected to occur earlier in the project often need to be addressed and mitigated more urgently than those that may occur later.

How is risk tolerance considered in the risk prioritization process?

Risk tolerance, or the degree to which stakeholders are willing to accept risk, may affect risk prioritization. If a risk exceeds the established tolerance level, it may be given a higher priority for mitigation.

Does risk exposure play a role in the risk prioritization process?

Yes, risk exposure, which is calculated as the product of the risk probability and its impact, is a crucial element of the risk prioritization process. Higher risk exposure typically results in higher risk priority.

How is risk prioritization updated throughout the project lifecycle?

Risk prioritization is typically updated throughout the project lifecycle as part of the ongoing risk management process. As new risks emerge and existing risks change in their severity or likelihood, the risk prioritization will need to be reassessed.

Why is a risk register useful in risk prioritization?

A risk register provides a comprehensive view of all identified risks, along with their status, severity, mitigation plans, and assigned roles for managing the risks. It’s a useful tool for keeping up-to-date information and prioritizing risks.

Can risk prioritization change as a project progresses?

Yes, risk prioritization can certainly change as the project progresses, a process known as iterative risk analysis. As the project evolves and more information becomes available, risks may be reassessed and their priority adjusted as necessary.

What happens after risks have been prioritized?

After risks have been prioritized, project managers and team members can plan and implement appropriate risk response strategies. They may choose to accept, avoid, transfer, or mitigate the higher priority risks depending on their potential impact to the project.

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