Practice Test

True or False: The risk management plan only needs to focus on the project schedule. Any impact on the budget, resources, and scope are secondary concerns.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: A thorough risk management plan needs to account for potential impacts on all elements of the project, including schedule, budget, resources, and scope. Each are interconnected and impacts on one can affect the others.

Multiple select: Which of the following elements can risk potentially impact in a project?

  • A. Schedule
  • B. Budget
  • C. Resources
  • D. Scope
  • E. All of the above

Answer: E. All of the above

Explanation: Risk can impact all aspects of a project including schedule, budget, resources, and scope. That’s why a comprehensive risk management plan is required.

True or False: A well-managed risk can result in a positive impact on the project schedule.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Though risks are often perceived as negative, they can also provide opportunities that result in a positive impact on the project schedule.

Single select: Which of the following is not part of estimating the impact of risk on a project?

  • A. Identifying potential risks
  • B. Evaluating the potential impact of risks
  • C. Identifying opportunities
  • D. Ignoring minor risks

Answer: D. Ignoring minor risks

Explanation: Minor risks should never be ignored in risk management as their effects can multiply and potentially derail the project.

True or False: Budget overruns are always a sign of poor risk management.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: While budget overruns can be a result of poor risk management, they can also be due to unexpected changes, scope creep, market factors, and other unforeseen situations.

Single select: Risk impact on project schedule can lead to:

  • A. Project delay
  • B. Increased project cost
  • C. Reduced project quality
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: A delay on the project schedule resulting from a risk implication not only pushes the project timeline but can also escalate project cost and compromise project quality.

True or False: Scope creep is a risk that can impact the project schedule.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Scope creep – i.e., uncontrolled changes or continuous growth in a project’s scope – is indeed a risk that can lead to delays, increased costs, and a depletion of resources.

Multiple select: Which of the following strategies can be used to manage risks that may impact the project schedule?

  • A. Performing a thorough risk evaluation
  • B. Ignoring high impact but low probability risks
  • C. Mitigating risks wherever possible
  • D. Transferring risks that cannot be managed in house

Answer: A. Performing a thorough risk evaluation, C. Mitigating risks wherever possible, D. Transferring risks that cannot be managed in house

Explanation: Performing a thorough risk evaluation, mitigating possible risks, and transferring risks that cannot be managed in house are all viable strategies to manage risks.

True or False: Risks cannot be eliminated completely from a project.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: It’s impossible to foresee and eliminate all potential risks within a project. Therefore, a solid risk management plan should focus on identifying, analyzing, and responding to potential risks.

Single select: In managing risks, priority should be given to risks which:

  • A. Have the highest impact
  • B. Are the most likely to occur
  • C. Both A and B
  • D. Neither A nor B

Answer: C. Both A and B

Explanation: In project risk management, both the likelihood of occurrence and the potential impact should be considered while prioritizing risks. Both factors are critical to the decision-making process.

Interview Questions

What is the primary goal of estimating the impact of risk on a project schedule, budget, resources, and scope?

The primary goal is to identify potential risks and develop strategies to mitigate them. This allows project managers to control and manage uncertainty, ensuring the project achieves its objectives within the defined constraints.

How does a risk impact the project schedule?

A risk can either accelerate or delay the project schedule. Unmanaged or unidentified risks could lead to delays in the project timeline due to unanticipated events or issues.

How would a risk influence a project’s resources?

A risk can necessitate extra resources or could create situations where resources are underutilized. It can lead to a mismatch between resources and project demands, potentially causing the project to lag behind.

How can a risk affect the project’s budget?

Risks can lead to additional unforeseen costs, potentially causing a project to go over budget. This is especially true if mitigation strategies and contingency plans require additional funding.

How does risk impact the project scope?

Risks can create situations where the project scope needs to be expanded, reduced, or otherwise altered. They can also result in failure to meet the project’s original objectives.

What is a risk register in project management?

A risk register is a document used in project management to identify and assess potential risks. It includes information about the nature of each risk, its potential impact, and strategies for managing it.

What is a risk response strategy?

A risk response strategy is an approach to mitigate the impact and probability of a risk. The main risk response strategies include avoidance, transference, mitigation, and acceptance.

How should you estimate the impact of a risk?

The impact of a risk can be estimated using likelihood and impact analysis. It involves determining the risk’s overall likelihood of occurring and the resulting impact if it does occur.

What is a quantitative risk analysis in project risk management?

Quantitative risk analysis is a numerical approach that offers an understanding of potential project risks in terms of loss and gain. It calculates numeric probabilities for the project and its objectives.

What role does a contingency reserve play in project risk management?

A contingency reserve acts as a buffer against identified risks that could potentially impact the project schedule, budget, resources or scope. It is a part of the budget that is set aside to handle identified, but not yet realized, risks.

What is the difference between a risk and an issue in project management?

A risk is a potential problem that may or may not occur in the future, whereas an issue is a current problem that needs to be resolved.

How do you prioritize risks in project management?

Risks are prioritized based on their potential impact on project objectives and the likelihood of their occurrence. This is typically done using a risk matrix.

How does communication relate to risk management on a project?

Effective communication is essential for risk management. Regular and clear communication with all stakeholders ensures everyone is aware of potential risks, their impacts, and how they are being managed.

What is the significance of a risk breakdown structure?

A risk breakdown structure is a hierarchical depiction of the identified risks in a project. It helps in organizing and presenting risks, facilitating better risk analysis and management.

How can you monitor risks throughout a project’s life cycle?

Risks can be continually monitored throughout a project life cycle using risk assessment tools like risk registers, risk matrices, and automated tracking systems. They need to be regularly updated and reviewed in team meetings.

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