Practice Test

True or False: Monitoring project risk levels involves identifying potential risks, assessing their likelihood and impact, and developing responses to these risks.

Answer: True

Explanation: In the process of monitor project risk levels, potential risks must be identified, the likelihood and impact of those risks assessed, and responses to mitigate them developed.

Which of the following is not a step in monitoring project risk levels?

  • a) Risk identification
  • b) Risk assessment
  • c) Risk response development
  • d) Risk discharge

Answer: d) Risk discharge

Explanation: While risk identification, assessment and response development are all important, risk discharge is not a recognized step in the process of risk management.

True or False: Stakeholder risk tolerance does not affect the risk levels of a project.

Answer: False

Explanation: The risk tolerance of stakeholders can significantly affect the risk levels of a project. Different stakeholders have different levels of tolerance for risk which can influence their decision making.

What tool is typically used to visualize risks and assess their impact and probability during risk monitoring?

  • a) Risk Matrix
  • b) Gantt Chart
  • c) Fishbone Diagram
  • d) SWOT Analysis

Answer: a) Risk Matrix

Explanation: The Risk Matrix is a tool which allows for visualization of risks, their probability and impact, which aids in the process of monitoring and managing them.

Multiple Select: Which of the following could be used for monitoring project risk levels?

  • a) Risk Register
  • b) Earned Value Analytics
  • c) Cause and Effect Diagram
  • d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Explanation: All these tools can be used in different stages of risk management. The Risk Register is used to track identified risks, Earned Value Analytics monitor project performance and Cause and Effect Diagrams analyze the potential causes of risks.

True or False: Monitoring project risk levels is a one-time event in the project lifecycle.

Answer: False

Explanation: Monitoring project risk levels is a continuous process throughout the project lifecycle.

What technique is often used to quantify the probability and impact of risks?

  • a) Monte Carlo Simulation
  • b) Risk Breakdown Structure
  • c) Delphi Technique
  • d) Pareto Analysis

Answer: a) Monte Carlo Simulation

Explanation: The Monte Carlo Simulation is a technique used to understand the impact of risk and uncertainty in project management.

True or False: All risks have negative impacts on a project.

Answer: False

Explanation: Not all risks are negative. Some risks, known as Opportunistic Risks, have potential positive impacts on a project.

Which of the following is not a role of a Risk Management Professional?

  • a) Identifying risks
  • b) Discharging risks
  • c) Analyzing and prioritizing risks
  • d) Developing risk responses

Answer: b) Discharging risks

Explanation: The role of a Risk Management Professional does not include discharging risks. This role involves identifying, analyzing, prioritizing risks and developing responses to them.

True or False: The highest ranking risks should always be addressed first.

Answer: True

Explanation: Risk prioritization is a part of effective risk management. Those risks with the highest impact and highest probability (highest ranking) should be addressed first to minimize the overall risk levels.

What’s the main purpose of a risk audit in project risk management?

  • a) To identify new risks
  • b) To assess the effectiveness of risk responses
  • c) To establish risk tolerance levels
  • d) To discharge risks

Answer: b) To assess the effectiveness of risk responses

Explanation: The purpose of a risk audit is to assess whether risk responses put into action are working as intended and to identify improvements for future response strategies.

True or False: Qualitative risk analysis prioritizes risks based on their numerical effect on project objectives.

Answer: False

Explanation: False. Qualitative risk analysis deals with the characterization of risks using ranking or score, not numerical effect on project objectives. This is done by quantitative risk analysis.

Which of the following would not be part of a risk report meant for monitoring project risk levels?

  • a) Summary of identified risks
  • b) Risk response status
  • c) Historical information
  • d) Listing of discharged risks

Answer: d) Listing of discharged risks

Explanation: A risk report would typically include an overview of identified risks, the status of risk responses, and historical information. However, discharged risks have already been dealt with and thus would not be the focus of a current risk report aimed at monitoring.

True or False: If a risk occurs during the course of a project, it means your risk management was flawed.

Answer: False

Explanation: Even the best risk management can’t predict or prevent all risks. The occurrence of a risk doesn’t necessarily mean that risk management was flawed.

Which of the following is true about monitoring project risk levels?

  • a) It’s a process that begins after the project implementation.
  • b) It’s a process that is done only once at the start of a project.
  • c) It’s a continuous process that should occur throughout the project lifecycle.
  • d) It’s only necessary for particularly risky projects.

Answer: c) It’s a continuous process that should occur throughout the project lifecycle.

Explanation: Monitoring project risk levels is not a one-time event. It’s a continuous activity that should be done throughout the entire project lifecycle to effectively manage and preempt potential issues.

Interview Questions

What is the purpose of monitoring project risk levels?

The purpose of monitoring project risk levels is to identify potential problems early, manage uncertainties, and take actions to ensure that risk responses are effective and that the project remains within its defined risk thresholds.

How is risk performance assessed in project management?

In project management, risk performance is assessed using key performance indicators (KPIs), and by comparing planned risk responses with actual outcomes.

What tools would you use for monitoring project risk levels?

Tools for monitoring project risk levels could include risk registers, risk break down structures, sensitivity analysis, Monte Carlo simulation, and decision tree analysis.

Explain the role of a Risk Register in monitoring project risk levels.

A Risk Register is a document that contains information about identified project risks. It aids in tracking risks and monitoring the effectiveness of risk response plans.

What is a Risk Break Down Structure (RBS) and how it aids in risk
monitoring?

A Risk Breakdown Structure (RBS) is a hierarchical way of organizing risks. It helps in categorizing and understanding the risk sources and focus areas of the project, thus aiding in risk monitoring.

What is the benefit of conducting a Sensitivity Analysis in risk
monitoring?

Sensitivity Analysis allows the project team to understand the influence of individual project risks on overall project objectives. This knowledge can then be used to monitor and manage the most important project risks.

Explain how Monte Carlo simulation helps monitor project risk levels.

Monte Carlo simulations help in understanding the aggregated risk exposure of a project by running multiple simulations using different risk combinations. This helps in identifying potential problem areas and in prioritizing risk management efforts.

Where would you document your insights from project risk
monitoring?

Insights from project risk monitoring would typically be documented in the risk register, in project status reports, and in lessons learned documentation.

What is the Risk Report and how does it help with risk
monitoring?

A Risk Report provides information on sources, sizes, and potential impacts of project risks. It offers detailed insights into the risk management process and helps stakeholders monitor risk in an informed and proactive manner.

What is the role of a Risk Audit in risk monitoring?

A Risk Audit involves examining and validating the efficiency and effectiveness of risk management processes. It provides an independent assessment and assurance that risks are properly identified, assessed, and managed, thus supporting risk monitoring.

What does “Risk Threshold” mean in project management and how does it
relate to risk monitoring?

Risk Threshold refers to the level of risk that is acceptable or tolerable. It is a benchmark for monitoring project risk levels. If a risk exceeds this threshold, it would trigger immediate action.

How is a risk reassessed in the risk monitoring process?

A risk reassessment involves reevaluating existing risks and looking for new risks. This process includes reassessing the probability, impact, and ranking of risks, and it’s done to ensure that the project’s risk profile is current and relevant.

How can you use Earned Value Management (EVM) for monitoring project risk
levels?

EVM is a quantifiable measure of project performance. It allows managers to track scheduled and cost performance, and to predict future performance based on current data. With this information, managers can identify potential risk areas that may impact project success.

What can trigger a risk reassessment in project management?

A risk reassessment can be triggered by various factors, including significant changes in project scope, objectives or schedule, occurrence of a risk event, or request from stakeholders.

What is the goal of risk monitoring in risk management lifecycle?

The goal of risk monitoring is to provide ongoing oversight of the risk environment, ensure risks are being appropriately managed according to their plan, and facilitate timely risk-related decisions and actions.

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