Practice Test

True or False: Sensitivity analysis is a strategy used to understand how different values of an independent variable impact a particular dependent variable under a given set of assumptions.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis is indeed used to understand how changes in an independent variable can impact a particular dependent variable under a particular set of assumptions.

Sensitivity analysis is usually performed:

  • A) Before conducting a risk assessment
  • B) After conducting a risk assessment
  • C) During the risk response planning
  • D) None of the above

Answer: B) After conducting a risk assessment.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis is performed after a risk assessment to understand the impact of changes in variables on the results of the assessment.

What is the main purpose of sensitivity analysis in risk management?

  • A) To evaluate the possible financial impact of risk.
  • B) To identify the most significant risk.
  • C) To determine how changes in a single variable impact the project.
  • D) All of the above.

Answer: D) All of the above.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis can serve all these purposes; it can identify the most significant risks, evaluate their potential financial impacts, and determine how changes in a variable can influence a project.

True or False: Sensitivity analysis reinforces the existing risk management strategy by confirming its effectiveness.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis does not reinforce or confirm the risk management plan but provides variables to understand the potential impacts of risk.

Sensitivity analysis is often used with which technique for risk management?

  • A) Qualitative risk analysis
  • B) Quantitative risk analysis
  • C) Risk mitigation
  • D) Risk transference

Answer: B) Quantitative risk analysis.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis is often used in conjunction with quantitative risk analysis to numerically analyze the effect of identified risks on overall project objectives.

Which of the following can be considered a limitation of sensitivity analysis?

  • A) It assumes that all variables are independent.
  • B) It cannot accommodate all types of risks.
  • C) It doesn’t provide a clear understanding of the significance of risks.
  • D) All of the above.

Answer: D) All of the above.

Explanation: All these are limitations of sensitivity analysis. It assumes variables are independent, cannot encompass all types of risks, and doesn’t provide an inherent understanding of risk significance.

Sensitivity analysis helps decision-makers:

  • A) Determine the optimum risk response strategy.
  • B) Understand the impact of changes in project variables.
  • C) Both A & B
  • D) None of the above.

Answer: C) Both A & B.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis aids in determining the best risk response strategy and in comprehending how project variable changes will impact the project.

True or False: In sensitivity analysis, an insignificant change in input parameter will cause a significant change in output.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: In sensitivity analysis, a significant change in the input parameter is usually assumed to cause a significant change in the output.

One of the tools commonly used in sensitivity analysis is:

  • A) Decision Tree
  • B) Tornado Diagram
  • C) Risk register
  • D) Both A & B

Answer: D) Both A & B

Explanation: Both decision trees and tornado diagrams are commonly used in sensitivity analysis to visually display data and results.

True or False: Sensitivity analysis is one of the strategies used in proactive risk management.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: Sensitivity analysis is indeed part of a proactive management strategy, as it identifies variables that might cause significant impacts on projects, allowing teams to prepare in advance.

Interview Questions

What is sensitivity analysis in risk management?

Sensitivity analysis in risk management is a technique used to determine how different values of an independent variable impact a particular dependent variable under a given set of assumptions. This technique is used to predict the outcome of a decision if a situation turns out to be different compared to the key predictions.

How is sensitivity analysis used in project risk management?

Sensitivity analysis in project risk management is used to understand how the uncertainty in the outcome of a project can be apportioned to different sources of uncertainty in its inputs. It involves testing the changes in project results in response to variation in individual risk events or uncertainties.

What is the main benefit of performing a sensitivity analysis?

The main benefit of performing a sensitivity analysis is identifying the key risk drivers, which helps in risk response planning and risk communication. It provides insights into the robustness of a risk model and makes it easier to understand the impact of changes in the input variables on the outcomes.

What are the limitations of sensitivity analysis?

Limitations of sensitivity analysis include the assumption that all other variables remain constant when one variable is changed and the difficulty in selecting the range of values for the inputs. It also does not consider the interaction between input variables.

What are the steps to perform sensitivity analysis?

The steps to perform sensitivity analysis include defining the scope, identifying variable input, collecting data on the possible range of variables, running the model with the different variables, computing the effects on the output, and documenting the results.

Is sensitivity analysis a qualitative or quantitative risk analysis technique?

Sensitivity analysis is a quantitative risk analysis technique as it deals with numerical data and offers measurable and verifiable results.

How does sensitivity analysis support decision making?

Sensitivity analysis supports decision making by allowing managers to understand the degree of uncertainty in decision outcomes. It helps in identifying which risks have the most potential impact on the project, enabling more informed and effective decisions.

What is the difference between sensitivity analysis and scenario analysis?

Sensitivity analysis varies one factor at a time to assess its individual effect on the project, whereas scenario analysis considers the effect of a combination of variables.

What tools can be utilized to conduct a sensitivity analysis?

Tools that can be utilized to conduct a sensitivity analysis can include spreadsheet models, Monte Carlo simulations, or specialized statistical software.

Why is sensitivity analysis essential in the PMI-RMP examination?

Sensitivity analysis is essential in the PMI-RMP examination because it forms the basis of quantitative risk analysis, a crucial portion of the Risk Management Professional certification.

Does sensitivity analysis consider the correlation between variables?

No, a basic sensitivity analysis does not consider correlations between variables. It focuses on the impact of changing one variable at a time.

How can you interpret the results of sensitivity analysis?

With sensitivity analysis, if an alteration of a particular variable significantly changes the output of your model, then your model is said to be sensitive to that variable.

What is Tornado Diagram in relation to sensitivity analysis?

A Tornado Diagram is a common tool used in sensitivity analysis. It’s a special bar chart that shows the effect of changing different variables, giving a visual representation of the analysis.

What is a “One-At-A-Time” (OAT) method in sensitivity analysis?

In an OAT method, one input variable is varied while keeping the others at their baseline (or reference) values to see how sensitive the output is to changes in that input.

How can project managers use sensitivity analysis?

Project managers can use sensitivity analysis to make more informed decision-making by understanding the impact of various risks on project outcomes and focusing their attention on managing the most impactful risks.

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