Practice Test

True/False: SWOT analysis looks at strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities of a business.

Answer: True.

Explanation: SWOT analysis is a strategic planning technique used to help identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats related to business competition or project planning.

Multiple Select: What are the four components of SWOT analysis?

  • a) Strengths
  • b) Weaknesses
  • c) Options
  • d) Threats
  • e) Opportunities

Answer: a, b, d, e.

Explanation: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats are the four components of SWOT analysis.

Single Select: What does the Ishikawa diagram, also known as a fishbone diagram, help identify?

  • a) Root causes of a problem
  • b) Strengths and weaknesses
  • c) Future threats
  • d) Profit opportunities

Answer: a.

Explanation: The Ishikawa diagram is a visualization tool for categorizing the potential causes of a problem in order to identify its root causes.

True/False: SWOT analysis is used for identifying the external factors only.

Answer: False.

Explanation: SWOT analysis is used to identify both internal (strengths and weaknesses) and external factors (opportunities and threats).

Multiple Select: What factors can be drawn under “Threats” in a SWOT analysis?

  • a) Economic downturn
  • b) New Competitors
  • c) Technological advancements
  • d) Strong financial backing

Answer: a, b, c.

Explanation: Economic downturn, new competitors, and technological advancements are threats to the organization.

Single Select: The tree diagram is a tool typically used in which type of analysis?

  • a) Root Cause Analysis
  • b) SWOT Analysis
  • c) Decision Analysis
  • d) Risk Analysis

Answer: c.

Explanation: The tree diagram is a structured, layered visual representation of a concept or theme widely used in decision analysis.

True/False: The Ishikawa diagram is named after the Japanese quality control statistician who invented it.

Answer: True.

Explanation: The Ishikawa diagram is named after Kaoru Ishikawa, who introduced the concept.

Single Select: In SWOT Analysis, “Strengths” refer to:

  • a) Negative internal factors that affect business operations
  • b) Positive internal factors that affect business operations
  • c) Negative external factors that could affect an organization
  • d) Positive external factors that could affect business operations.

Answer: b.

Explanation: “Strengths” in SWOT Analysis refer to the positive internal factors that affect an organization’s operations.

True/False: In an Ishikawa diagram, the problem or effect is shown at the tail of the fish.

Answer: False.

Explanation: In an Ishikawa or fishbone diagram, the problem is usually shown at the head of the fish.

Multiple Select: The Tree Diagram is used to:

  • a) explore possible solutions to a problem
  • b) break down broad categories into finer levels of detail
  • c) map out the structure of a decision situation
  • d) identify risks in a business process

Answer: a, b, c.

Explanation: The Tree Diagram is a tool that helps in exploring possible solutions, breaking down broad categories into finer levels and mapping out decision structures.

Single Select: SWOT analysis is typically used in:

  • a) Product Development
  • b) Strategic Planning
  • c) Market Segmentation
  • d) Cost Analysis

Answer: b.

Explanation: SWOT analysis is primarily used in strategic planning to understand the internal and external factors that affect an organization’s success.

Interview Questions

What is a SWOT analysis in project risk management?

SWOT analysis stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. It is a strategic planning tool used to identify and analyze these four elements of a project, organization, or business proposal.

What is the purpose of the Ishikawa diagram in the process of risk management?

Also known as a fishbone diagram or cause-and-effect diagram, the Ishikawa diagram helps in identifying, exploring, and displaying the potential or actual causes (particularly risks) that lead to a particular event, phenomenon, or problem in a project.

How is a tree diagram different from an Ishikawa diagram?

A tree diagram visually maps out paths or branching hierarchical sets of tasks, decisions, or events from a single starting point, while an Ishikawa Diagram identifies possible causes for a specific event or problem.

What is the key use of a tree diagram in risk management?

Tree diagrams are often used in risk management to map out different pathways of a risk event by breaking it into more manageable levels of events or tasks. It helps in intuitive analysis of the different outcomes of a decision or course of action.

How can the SWOT analysis be used to mitigate risks in a project?

SWOT analysis helps managers identify the strengths that can be leveraged and weaknesses that need improvement. It points out the opportunities that can reduce risks and threats that need to be mitigated, thus facilitating appropriate risk response strategies.

How can the Ishikawa diagram aid in the qualitative risk analysis process?

The Ishikawa diagram aids in the qualitative risk analysis process by enabling the identification of root cause of risks. It helps visualize potential factors of a problem and aids in understanding relationships among various risk factors.

What is an opportunity in SWOT analysis in the perspective of risk management?

In risk management, an opportunity in SWOT analysis refers to the possibilities that arise from the circumstances which can benefit the project or organization, like a favorable change in technology or market trends.

Who developed the Ishikawa diagram and when?

The Ishikawa diagram was developed by Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, a Japanese quality control statistician, in the mid-1960s.

What are threats in a SWOT analysis in the context of Risk management?

Threats in a SWOT analysis refer to those external conditions that could potentially cause trouble for the project or organization, like market fluctuations, resource availability, or new legislation.

What type of risks can a tree diagram help identify?

A tree diagram can help identify both internal and external risk factors. It visually represents all possible outcomes, actions, events related to a decision or risk, including systematic risks, project management risks, operational risks, and external risks.

Is an Ishikawa diagram useful for both small scale and large scale projects?

Yes, an Ishikawa diagram can be equally useful for both small scale and large scale projects. It helps in identifying potential causes of a problem across any scale of project, aiding in risk identification and management.

What does the term ‘weaknesses’ denote in a SWOT analysis?

In a SWOT analysis, ‘weaknesses’ denote the areas where the organization or project lacks strength or has deficiencies, which may obstruct the achievement of the intended objective. It could be insufficient resources, lack of expertise, etc.

What type of information can be derived from using a tree diagram in risk management?

Tree diagrams provide detailed visual information about the hierarchy, relationship, and potential outcome of different tasks, risks, or events, from a single start point to many endpoints. This aids in risk analysis, planning, and decision-making.

How does an Ishikawa diagram contribute to risk response strategies?

By identifying the root causes of risks, the Ishikawa diagram supports effective formulation of risk response strategies, whether it’s mitigating, transferring, avoiding, or accepting the risk.

What is the primary benefit of conducting a SWOT analysis for risk management in a project?

The primary benefit of conducting a SWOT analysis in risk management is that it provides a structured approach to identify and understand internal and external factors that may impact the probability and impact of risks, aiding in the development of comprehensive risk management strategies.

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