Practice Test

True or False: Dependency analysis is a risk identification technique used in project management.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Dependency analysis helps to identify the relationships and risks related to the interdependencies and intradependencies within or across portfolios which can support decision-making.

Multiple Choice: What does dependency analysis primarily assist with?

  • A. Market Analysis
  • B. Portfolio Decision-making
  • C. Competitive Analysis
  • D. Supply Chain Management

Answer: B. Portfolio Decision-making

Explanation: Dependency analysis is mainly used in identifying and monitoring risks related to interdependencies and intradependencies in portfolios to aid in decision-making.

Multiple Select: Dependency analysis can be applied to which of the following?

  • A. Within a portfolio
  • B. Across portfolios
  • C. Specific projects within a portfolio
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: Dependency analysis can be applied at different levels: within a specific portfolio, across multiple portfolios, and individual projects within a portfolio to identify and monitor risks.

True or False: Intrdependencies only refer to the relationships and risks within a single portfolio.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Intradependencies indeed refer to the relationships and potential risks within a single portfolio.

Multiple Choice: What does an interdependency refer to in project management?

  • A. Dependencies across different projects
  • B. Dependencies within a single project
  • C. Dependencies across different portfolios
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: An interdependency can occur among different projects whether within a single portfolio or across different portfolios.

True or False: Dependency analysis is not necessary when managing a portfolio.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Dependency analysis is a crucial component in managing a portfolio. It helps in identifying and monitoring potential risks related to the connections among projects or portfolios.

Multiple Select: What are the potential implications if risks related to interdependencies and intradependencies are not identified?

  • A. Project delay
  • B. Increased costs
  • C. Inefficient use of resources
  • D. All of the above

Answer: D. All of the above

Explanation: Failure to identify interdependencies and intradependencies can result in project delays, increased costs, and inefficient use of resources.

True or False: Dependency analysis is a one-time process in portfolio management.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Dependency analysis is an ongoing process. It should be carried out throughout the portfolio management process as relationships and risks may change over time.

Multiple Choice: Which of the following is not a benefit of conducting dependency analysis in portfolio management?

  • A. Cost Saving
  • B. Time-saving
  • C. Improvement in team morale
  • D. None of the above

Answer: D. None of the above

Explanation: Conducting dependency analysis can lead to cost and time-saving and can also impact team morale positively as it helps in identifying potential pitfalls and prepares the team to address them proactively.

True or False: Both dependency analysis and risk identification contribute to effective decision-making in portfolio management.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Both processes are crucial in identifying potential issues that could affect the success of the portfolio, and thus, support in making informed decisions.

Interview Questions

What is dependency analysis in portfolio management?

Dependency analysis in portfolio management is the process of analyzing and understanding the interrelationships and dependencies between different projects or components within a portfolio. It helps in identifying potential risks associated with these dependencies and supports informed decision-making.

What are portfolio interdependencies?

Portfolio interdependencies are the reciprocal relationships between different projects within a portfolio, where changes in one project can influence another. They can be resource, task, or output-based and need to be managed to minimize risks and maximize performance.

What are intradependencies within a portfolio?

Intradependencies within a portfolio refers to the relationships and dependencies within a single project. They can revolve around tasks, resources, or outcomes and can significantly impact the success of the project.

Why is it important to perform dependency analysis within or across portfolios?

Performing dependency analysis within or across portfolios is crucial as it helps in identifying potential risks and challenges related to dependencies. It provides insight into project performance, assists in effective decision-making, and helps in ensuring the smooth execution of projects.

How can dependency analysis support decision-making in portfolio management?

Dependency analysis can provide vital information on the relationships and interdependencies between projects. This information can be used to forecast potential bottlenecks, points of conflict, or risks, thereby supporting informed decision-making and risk management.

What is the key goal of monitoring risks related to interdependencies and intradependencies?

The key goal of monitoring risks related to interdependencies and intradependencies is to ensure that potential negative impacts on the portfolio are identified early and mitigated effectively, leading to successful portfolio performance.

What are some tools/techniques used in dependency analysis?

Some common tools used for dependency analysis include Dependency Structure Matrices (DSM), Network Diagrams and software tools like Project Management Information Systems (PMIS) and Enterprise Project Management Systems (EPMS).

How does dependency analysis align with the broader portfolio management process?

Dependency analysis is thoroughly integrated into the broader portfolio management process. It is part of risk management, decision-making, project selection, project prioritization, and performance measurement.

How does a portfolio manager ensure that dependencies don’t pose a risk to the portfolio?

The portfolio manager regularly monitors and analyses interdependencies and intradependencies using various tools. Furthermore, adequate measures are put in place to mitigate identified risks and ensure smooth execution of the portfolio.

Can risks related to project dependencies be completely eliminated?

Completely eliminating risks related to project dependencies may not be possible, but they can be significantly mitigated. Systematic risk management practices, such as regular dependency analysis, identifying potential risks, and implementing mitigation strategies, can help reduce these risks.

What is a Dependency Structure Matrix (DSM) in portfolio management?

A Dependency Structure Matrix (DSM) is a square matrix used to represent the project dependencies in a portfolio. It helps in visualizing the interdependencies and is a useful tool in managing portfolio risk.

How does a portfolio manager approach resource-based interdependencies?

Resource-based interdependencies are managed by effective resource planning and allocation. By forecasting resource needs and availability through dependency analysis, the portfolio manager can mitigate related risks.

What steps can be taken if a critical interdependency risk is identified?

If a critical interdependency risk is identified, immediate action should be taken to mitigate the risk. This could involve adjusting project schedules, reallocating resources, or implementing contingency plans.

How is dependency analysis useful in scenario analysis?

Dependency analysis can provide data about the potential impacts of different scenarios on the project dependencies. This information can be crucial when forecasting project risks and success in different situations.

How is dependency analysis related to risk tolerance in portfolio management?

Dependency analysis aids in identifying potential risks associated with project interdependencies, and depending on the risk tolerance of the organization or stakeholder, appropriate mitigation or acceptance strategies can be formulated.

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