Practice Test

True or False: Stakeholders, including sponsors, can help identify potential risks in a program.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: Stakeholders and sponsors often have unique perspectives and expertise that can help to identify potential risks in a project or program.

During which phase of the program management cycle are risks identified by stakeholders typically evaluated?

  • a) Initiation
  • b) Planning
  • c) Execution
  • d) Closing

Answer: b) Planning

Explanation: During the planning phase, potential risks are identified, evaluated, and strategies are developed to manage them, including those identified by stakeholders.

True or False: The Program Risk Management Plan should incorporate risks identified by stakeholders.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True

Explanation: The Risk Management Plan is meant to anticipate and prepare for all potential risks, including those identified by stakeholders.

Which of the following is NOT a primary role of a program manager when managing risks?

  • a) Identifying potential risks.
  • b) Evaluating potential risks.
  • c) Ignoring suggestions from stakeholders.
  • d) Incorporating identified risks into the risk management plan.

Answer: c) Ignoring suggestions from stakeholders.

Explanation: Program managers should take into account the ideas and concerns of all stakeholders, including risks they identify.

Multiple select: Which of the following are typical ways in which stakeholders might identify risks in a program?

  • a) Through their expert judgement
  • b) By analyzing program documentation
  • c) By conducting a risk analysis
  • d) By ignoring program information and relying only on intuition

Answers: a) Through their expert judgement, b) By analyzing program documentation, c) By conducting a risk analysis

Explanation: Stakeholders can use their expertise, program relevant documents, and various methods of risk analysis to identify potential risks.

True or False: All risks identified by stakeholders should be incorporated into the program risk management plan.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Not all risks identified by stakeholders should be included. They should be evaluated, and if found to be insignificant or unlikely, they may not be included in the risk management plan.

In the context of program management, who are the stakeholders?

  • a) The project team only
  • b) The customer and the project team
  • c) The sponsors, the project team, and the customer
  • d) The project team and the program manager

Answer: c) The sponsors, the project team, and the customer

Explanation: In program management, stakeholders typically include anyone with a vested interest in the program. This includes sponsors, the project team, and customers or end-users.

True or False: It is not necessary to reevaluate and update the risk management plan once it has been established.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: Risk management is an ongoing process. As circumstances change and new potential risks are identified, the risk management plan should be reevaluated and updated as necessary.

What is the main goal of risk management in program management?

  • a) To eliminate all risks
  • b) To identify and evaluate all potential risks
  • c) To ensure the program is completed on time
  • d) To ensure the program is completed under budget

Answer: b) To identify and evaluate all potential risks

Explanation: While other options might be benefits of risk management, the main goal is to identify potential risks and develop strategies to manage them.

Which of the following techniques can be used in risk identification process?

  • a) SWOT analysis
  • b) Brainstorming
  • c) Expert judgement
  • d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

Explanation: SWOT analysis, brainstorming and expert judgement are all commonly-used risk identification techniques.

Interview Questions

What is the first step to evaluate risks identified by stakeholders in the program risk management plan?

The first step is to identify the risks. Stakeholders, including sponsors, usually have a unique perspective on risks associated with a program. They can identify potential challenges and problems that the program management team may not see.

How can stakeholders’ identified risks be incorporated into the program risk management plan?

Risks identified by stakeholders can be incorporated into the program risk management plan through a process of risk assessment. This involves analyzing each risk in terms of its potential impact and the probability of it occurring.

Are all risks identified by stakeholders incorporated in the program risk management plan?

Not necessarily, after identifying and analyzing the risks, the program management team needs to prioritize them based on their impact and probability. Only the risks with highest priority are then incorporated into the risk management plan.

What is the role of sponsors in identifying risks for a program risk management plan?

Sponsors, as key stakeholders, typically have a deep understanding of the program’s objectives and constraints. They can identify potential risks that may undermine the program’s success, and as such, their input is valuable in the risk identification process.

How do stakeholders influence risk response strategies in program risk management?

The perception and tolerance of stakeholders towards risk often determine the selection of risk response strategies. Their views can determine whether a risk will be accepted, mitigated, transferred, or avoided.

How to engage stakeholders in the process of risk identification in program risk management?

Stakeholders can be engaged in risk identification through various methods such as interviews, focus groups, workshops and surveys. Their unique perspectives and participation can enhance the comprehension and management of program risks.

How often should risks identified by stakeholders be reviewed in program risk management?

Risks should be reviewed periodically. The frequency of review depends on the nature of the program, its environment, and how rapidly those factors are changing.

Apart from potential problems, what else can stakeholders identify in the program risk management plan?

Stakeholders can also identify potential opportunities which can be incorporated into the program management plan. These opportunities if managed well, can lead to project benefits.

Can the program risk management plan be modified after incorporating risks identified by stakeholders?

Yes, as new risks are identified or existing ones change, it is necessary to review and modify the program risk management plan to manage these risks effectively.

What is the importance of communication with stakeholders in risk management planning?

Effective communication with stakeholders enables the program management team to understand their concerns and expectations, making it easier to identify potential risks and formulate effective strategies to manage those risks.

Why is it necessary to document the risks identified by stakeholders in a program risk management plan?

Documenting the risks ensures that they are formally recognized, communicated and can be referenced later. It also forms the basis for risk analysis, mitigation strategies and control planning.

How can technology be used to identify and manage risks in a program risk management plan?

Software tools and applications can be used to document the risks identified, analyze them, facilitate communication among stakeholders, track activities related to risk response, and provide timely reports.

How can conflicts among stakeholders over identified risks be managed in a program risk management plan?

Conflicts over identified risks can be managed through open communication, negotiation and consensus-building. The program manager might need to facilitate meetings to help stakeholders understand each other’s perspectives and reach agreements.

Does risk appetite of a stakeholder influence the program risk management plan?

Yes, the risk appetite of stakeholders can directly influence the strategies adopted in the program risk management plan. Stakeholders with a higher risk appetite may be willing to accept greater risks if they have the potential for higher rewards.

How do sponsors play a role in implementing the program risk management plan?

Sponsors help in implementing the program risk management plan by providing necessary resources, support and authority. They can help in executing risk responses, and their buy-in is crucial for the plan to be successful.

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