Evaluating and delivering project benefits and value is a critical aspect of successful project management. The knowledge area captures how a project can provide value and what tangible and intangible benefits can be realized from the project. Importantly, this framework is instrumental in managing stakeholders’ expectations while also guiding project decision-making and prioritization.

Table of Contents

I. Understanding Project Benefits and Value

Project benefits are the positive outcomes that a project is expected to deliver. They could be financial gains, operational efficiencies, improved customer relationships, access to new markets, and innovation, among others. On the other hand, project value is the worth of the project to the organization or the stakeholders. It could be in terms of financial worth or strategic significance.

II. Benefits Management Plan

The Benefits Management Plan is a critical tool for managing project benefits right from identification, through realization and to eventual review. It provides a clear roadmap for the delivery of project benefits.

Here are some components of a benefits management plan:

  • Benefits identification: What benefits will the project deliver? This could include increased revenues, cost savings, market expansion, and more.
  • Benefits owner: Who’s responsible for realizing the benefits?
  • Benefit measurement: How will the benefits be measured?
  • Benefits timeframe: When will the benefits be realized?

III. Value management Techniques

There are several techniques project managers can use to optimize project value. Earned value management (EVM) is one such technique. With EVM, project managers can measure project performance and progress in an objective manner. Variance Analysis is another tool that can be used to assess project performance by comparing planned to actual results. Other techniques include cost-benefit analysis, return on investment (ROI) analysis, and net present value (NPV) analysis.


Here’s an example of how an EVM analysis might look:

Planned Value (PV) Earned Value (EV) Actual Cost (AC)
Project A 100,000 70,000 80,000

Using these figures, we can calculate:

Cost Variance (CV) = EV – AC = 70,000 – 80,000 = -10,000

Schedule Variance (SV) = EV – PV = 70,000 – 100,000 = -30,000

From the analysis, we can infer that Project A is both over budget and behind schedule. This could be crucial in specifying corrective actions to ensure that the project delivers its intended value.

IV. Delivering Project Benefits and Value

It’s not enough to identify potential benefits. Project managers must have a clear strategy for delivering these benefits. Various factors come into play, like aligning project output with strategic goals, ensuring stakeholder engagement, risk management, and monitoring and controlling techniques.

For instance, if one of the benefits of a project is the reduction of overall operating costs by automating certain processes, the value of this benefit can only be delivered if these processes are indeed automated and the changes are accepted and adopted by the people who use them.

V. Reviewing and Adjusting Project Benefits and Value

An essential part of benefits and value management is the review and adjustment phase. As the project progresses, some benefits may not be feasible, or new ones may emerge. Accordingly, the project manager and the project team need to adjust their strategy. This will involve reviewing the benefits, updating the benefits realization plan, and communicating changes to stakeholders.

In conclusion, project benefits realisation and value delivery are core components of effective project management. They help safeguard that projects are not just about delivering outputs, but about optimising the return on investment and ensuring a broad range of stakeholders can enjoy the fruits of the project’s success. This approach enhances the strategic visibility of projects and amplifies the worth of project management as a key organizational competency. For this reason, it’s one of the key areas covered in the Project Management Professional (PMP) exam.

Practice Test

True or False: Project benefits and value generally refers to the financial gain a project brings to an organization.\

  • True
  • False

Answer: False

Explanation: While financial gain can certainly be a benefit or value of a project, they can also refer to other advantages like increased efficiency, customer satisfaction, or improved processes.

Which of the following statements is correct regarding project benefits?

  • A. They are always monetary.
  • B. They can be intangible.
  • C. They can be negative.
  • D. They are delivered after the project is completed.

Answer: B. They can be intangible.

Explanation: The benefits from a project can include both tangible and intangible things such as customer satisfaction, increased efficiency, and improved employee morale.

True or False: Evaluating project benefits and value is a responsibility of the project sponsor.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: The project sponsor is typically responsible for confirming and ensuring the project delivers the intended benefits and value.

Single select: Which of the following is NOT a step in delivering project benefits and value?

  • A. Identifying benefits
  • B. Defining desired outcomes
  • C. Increasing project scope
  • D. Setting metrics

Answer: C. Increasing project scope

Explanation: Increasing project scope is not necessarily a step in delivering project benefits and value. Rather, it’s about identifying and delivering the benefits that can be obtained within the defined scope.

True or False: All project benefits and value should be realized during the lifetime of the project.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Some project benefits may be realized after the project is completed. This is particularly true for projects that aim to create long-term improvements or changes.

Multiple select: Which of the following could be considered as measures of project value?

  • A. Return on Investment
  • B. Increased customer satisfaction
  • C. Decreased production costs
  • D. Reduced cycle time

Answer: All of the above.

Explanation: All the options given can be considered measures of project value.

True or False: Tangible benefits are easier to measure than intangible benefits.

  • True
  • False

Answer: True.

Explanation: Intangible benefits, such as improved employee morale or increased client satisfaction, can be difficult to quantify, thus harder to measure than tangible benefits like cost savings or increased sales.

Single select: During which phase of project management is it most crucial to evaluate and deliver project benefits and value?

  • A. Initiating
  • B. Planning
  • C. Executing
  • D. Closing

Answer: D. Closing

Explanation: During the closing phase, the project’s deliverables and outcomes are evaluated against the planned benefits and value. This helps determine whether the project has met its objectives and delivered the expected benefits.

True or False: Project value can only be measured in financial terms.

  • True
  • False

Answer: False.

Explanation: Project value can be measured in many ways, not just monetary terms. It can also include value to customers, employees, and stakeholders, which may not directly translate into financial gain.

Multiple select: Which of the following factors need to be considered when evaluating project benefits and value?

  • A. Cost of the project
  • B. Time taken to complete the project
  • C. Stakeholders’ satisfaction
  • D. Changes in the business environment

Answer: All of the above.

Explanation: All these factors are essential in evaluating the benefits and value of a project. They contribute to the overall value that the project brings to an organization.

Interview Questions

What are project benefits?

Project benefits are the positive outcomes and value that a project delivers to its stakeholders. This can include increased revenue, improved customer service, higher product quality, greater market share, or optimised operations.

How does the Project Management Professional (PMP) framework evaluate project benefits?

The PMP framework evaluates project benefits through cost-benefit analysis, return on investment calculations, and other value measurement techniques. It also considers intangible benefits and strategic alignment in its assessment.

What is a Benefits Realization Plan?

A Benefits Realization Plan is a document that outlines the expected benefits of a project, how these benefits will be realized, and how they will be measured and reported.

What is the role of a project manager in delivering project value?

The project manager is primarily responsible for ensuring that the project delivers its intended value. They achieve this by managing costs, schedules, risks, resources, and stakeholder expectations, with the ultimate aim of meeting or exceeding the project’s objectives.

Why is it essential to align a project’s benefits with the organization’s strategic objectives?

Alignment with strategic objectives ensures that the project contributes to the wider goals of the organization. It also increases stakeholder support, improves resource allocation, and enhances the likelihood of the project’s success.

What are the key components of a Project Benefits Management Plan?

A Project Benefits Management Plan typically includes the identified benefits, the methods for measuring these benefits, the timeframe for realizing these benefits, and the individuals responsible for ensuring these benefits are realized.

What is the difference between project benefits and project value?

While project benefits are results that add to the organization’s effectiveness or bottom line, the project value is a more holistic concept. It includes benefits but also factors in cost, risk, strategic alignment, and the satisfaction of various stakeholders.

How does risk management relate to the delivery of project benefits and value?

Risk management helps ensure project benefits and value are delivered. By identifying, assessing, and addressing risks to the project, managers can help ensure the project stays on track to deliver its anticipated benefits.

What are the methods of measuring intangible project benefits?

Intangible benefits can be measured using techniques such as balanced scorecards, which factor in multiple perspectives, including financial and non-financial aspects. Customer satisfaction surveys, employee engagement surveys, and assessments of market share or brand recognition are also common methods.

What is the role of stakeholder management in the delivery of project benefits and value?

Stakeholder management helps align expectations from the project, resolve conflicts, and ensure that benefits are realized from the perspectives of different stakeholders. It helps in maintaining project focus and supports in the overall project success.

What is a Benefit Sustainment Plan?

A Benefit Sustainment Plan outlines the steps necessary to sustain the project’s benefits once they have been realized. This includes the continuous measurement of these benefits, reviews to identify opportunities for improvement, and strategies to mitigate any risks to maintaining these benefits.

How is the success of a project measured beyond the traditional measures of on-time and within-budget completion?

Beyond the traditional measures, a project’s success is also measured by its ability to deliver the expected benefits and create value for the organization. This could be in terms of cost savings, increased revenues, improved operational efficiency, or other strategic objectives.

What is the Value Management Office (VMO)?

The Value Management Office (VMO) is a part of an organization responsible for ensuring that the projects and programs undertaken by the organization align with its objectives and deliver real value. The VMO oversees the benefits realization process and often leads the development of the benefits realization plan.

How can changes in projects be managed to deliver the intended benefits and value?

Changes can be managed through rigorous change control processes, ensuring that any variations from the original plan do not impair the delivery of intended benefits. This includes assessing the impact of changes on the project’s outcomes, revising forecasts, courses or plans, and securing stakeholder approval for impactful changes.

What is the importance of communication in the delivery of project benefits and value?

Effective communication is central to the delivery of project benefits and value. It ensures all stakeholders understand project’s objectives, developments, and its intended benefits. It fosters alignment, motivation and can enhance collaborative efforts towards project’s positive outcome.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *